functional structure

Functional structureclick for a larger image
Fig. 43 Functional structure. A typical example.

functional structure

an ORGANIZATION structure where activities are grouped into DEPARTMENTS by function, and formal COORDINATION occurs at the apex. (See Fig. 43). Such structures provide a generally effective means of coordination both within departments and across the organization as a whole, when there is a single product or service. They also provide clear career paths for functional specialists, though there is a possibility that loyalty to departments will displace loyalty to the organization. Functional structures become less appropriate when an organization diversifies - it can be difficult to adapt functions to possibly varying product or service requirements since the centralization of authority in this model tends to encourage uniformity.

This type of structure is often referred to as ‘U-form’ since authority within the organization can be traced up the CHAIN OF COMMAND to a unitary source. See PRODUCT-BASED STRUCTURE, MATRIX STRUCTURE, CRITICAL FUNCTION STRUCTURE.

References in periodicals archive ?
coordination actions; organizational and functional structure; sources of finance; key national
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The Pugliese Company believes that an architecturally beautiful and functional structure will add value to the both the community and the project.
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LFG distinguishes two levels of representation to each sentence of the language, this approach presents these two completely different formalisms: trees form or Constituent structure (c-structure) and functional structure represent grammatical functions like subject and object and the relation between them as attribute-value matrices (f-structure).
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Functional Structure in Morphology and the Case of Nonfinite Verbs: Theoretical Issues and the Description of the Danish Verb System
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