functional structure

Functional structureclick for a larger image
Fig. 43 Functional structure. A typical example.

functional structure

an ORGANIZATION structure where activities are grouped into DEPARTMENTS by function, and formal COORDINATION occurs at the apex. (See Fig. 43). Such structures provide a generally effective means of coordination both within departments and across the organization as a whole, when there is a single product or service. They also provide clear career paths for functional specialists, though there is a possibility that loyalty to departments will displace loyalty to the organization. Functional structures become less appropriate when an organization diversifies - it can be difficult to adapt functions to possibly varying product or service requirements since the centralization of authority in this model tends to encourage uniformity.

This type of structure is often referred to as ‘U-form’ since authority within the organization can be traced up the CHAIN OF COMMAND to a unitary source. See PRODUCT-BASED STRUCTURE, MATRIX STRUCTURE, CRITICAL FUNCTION STRUCTURE.

References in periodicals archive ?
2008) can be deployed throughout different phases to overcome the abovementioned obstacles, namely, informational design phase (for identifying client needs and converting them into specifications); conceptual phase (for elaborating a functional structure with functional solution principles and conceptual development) (STEFANELLO et al.
Functional Structure in Morphology and the Case of Nonfinite Verbs: Theoretical Issues and the Description of the Danish Verb System
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Analysis of the microbial functional structure in soils collected from different P.
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The Smart Bridge is an attractive and functional structure which improves connectivity between the city and the Capital Quarter.
2010), few studies have documented changes to functional structure over relevant landscape and inter-annual timescales.
The president also issued a decree to form a committee to review the organisational and functional structure of the Commission for Radio and Television, headed by the undersecretary of the ministry of finance.
The approach and the functional structure supporting the track have been spatially collapsed yet still seem plausibly operational.
The blood vessels don't line up with the functional structure of the neurons they feed.
Miles also hopes to reorganize the functional structure of the department to align with the district's "Destination 2020"--the protocol for having the highest percentage of college- and career-ready grads of any large U.

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