fragmentation

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Fragmentation

1. A means of production in which different parts of the supply chain are located in different countries. Fragmentation occurs to reduce costs of production. For example, the least expensive materials may be in India and the cheapest factory workers in China, while the target retail customer is in the United States or Canada. Fragmentation can occur most easily when there is free trade, or at least low tariffs between all the countries on the supply chain. See also: Globalization.

2. A situation in a decentralized market. This often renders investors unaware of the best price available for their trades, resulting in inefficiency in the market. Fragmentation has become less of a problem with the advent of electronic exchanges and other, similar products.
Farlex Financial Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All Rights Reserved

fragmentation

The lack of full interconnection of the various securities markets. Fragmentation can result in customer orders being sent to markets that do not offer the best available price. Critics claim the inefficiencies of fragmentation can be cured with a central order book that includes orders from all markets.
Wall Street Words: An A to Z Guide to Investment Terms for Today's Investor by David L. Scott. Copyright © 2003 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Janey's fragmentation is rendered in the book's fragmented style.
As the above suggests, various contemporary discussions of identity center on fragmentation, but they radically differ in how they talk about it.
Study of aneuploidy and DNA fragmentation in gametes of patients with severe teratozoospermia.
Sperm DNA fragmentation: paternal effect on early post-implantation embryo development in ART.
With increase in elastic fragmentation and changes in orientation of smooth muscle cells, collagen occupied the space between fragmented elastic fibres.
From 3rd decade of life, fragmentation of elastic fibres started and higher grades of fragmentation occurred from 50th year of life.
These pores were inaccessible prior to fragmentation because of polymer accumulation in the narrow zones of the access channels.
As more and more polymer accumulates inside the particle and the fragments, the fragmentation process continues, each time at a smaller size scale in terms of both the fragment size and the pore diameter involved.
Figure 2 also illustrates that thermal stress fragmentation and devolatilization-induced fragmentation have little effect on small-size particles (<0.6 mm) because of uniform temperature distribution in little time and rapid mass transfer during devolatilization.
In this work, a BP network model was used to analyze the primary fragmentation of Huadian oil shale particles operating in the turbulent fluidizing bed.
As mentioned in [16], our model can help to approximate the binary search tree by a fragmentation tree.
By the recursive construction of the fragmentation process, we have, almost surely