In 2017, the Texas Department of Family and Protective Services reported that 332 foster care
youths were pregnant and 218 youths in foster care
were parents, the report says.
Because children in foster care
have increased numbers of healthcare problems including behavioral, educational and developmental disorders, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) categorizes them as children with special health care needs.4 The multiple physical and mental health disorders of this population are best addressed by the medical home model providing coordinated familycentered, trauma-informed care.5,6
Although many families who participate in foster care
and adoption have positive experiences, these journeys can be challenging.
"There are 780 children in foster care
in Liverpool, and the cost is around PS20m to Liverpool City Council," said Cllr Kushner.
Child welfare systems are complicated, but the root cause of deficiencies in Oregon's foster care
system is simple: Not enough capacity.
Under the agreement, Coordinated Care of Washington will manage the healthcare services and programmes for children and youth in foster care
and adoption support programmes, as well as young adult alumni of the foster care
system (ages 18-26 years old).
The past four decades have seen increased scholarly interest in the experiences of children in the foster care
system and key volumes have been devoted to this topic (Geiser, 1973; Hegar& Scannapieco, 1999; Shonkoff& Phillips, 2000; Sinclair, Wilson, & Gibbs, 2005).
In other words, there was a dramatic surge in the foster care
entries between 2012 and 2017.
This increase began even as the overall foster care
caseload in the United States steadily declined between 2000 and 2012.
Angélica Meinhofer, Ph.D., from Weill Cornell Medical College in New York City, and Yohanis Angleró-Díaz, M.D., from Harvard Medical School in Boston, analyzed data from the Adoption and Foster Care
Analysis and Reporting System for children in foster care
during fiscal years 2000 to 2017.
After a decade of out-of-home placement reductions, the foster care
population has been growing, from almost 400,000 in 2012 to a little over 500,000 at present, an increase that has been attributed, mostly anecdotally, to the opioid crisis.