footing

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footing

A concrete support for a wall, chimney, or pillar, usually wider than the structure being supported and intended to distribute the weight evenly over a larger surface area. Local building codes will specify minimum footing size for various buildings, although the better practice is to employ a structural engineer to determine the proper size, which may be in excess of the minimums.

References in periodicals archive ?
Also equipped with a heavy-duty, 50,000lb chain and an integrated digging system, the machine allows operators to trench up to 16 inches wide and 36 inches deep for a cleaner and more consistent footing in less time.
Materials: Dog kennel; eleven 1-inch pipe clamps; 6 treated 6-foot, 2-by-4 boards; footing anchors; wire hog panels; nylon zip ties (or other fasteners); tubular foam-pipe insulation; weed barrier and landscape staples (optional); UV-treated, reinforced polyethylene sheeting; 8 treated 6-foot, 1-by-2 wood strips; screws and washers; spring clamps; planter hooks with machine bolts and nuts (optional); tables, irrigation, and shade cloth (optional).
Footing load is distributed over a wider area and the soil pressure decreases on the soft subgrade [6].
The footings were built from Reigate stone between 1246 and1250, during the reign of Henry III, and back-filled with charnel material comprising mostly of femurs and skulls from earlier burials.
There was some ponded water at the bottom of a footing, and some black, smelly oil slowly bubbling into the excavation.
Mr Rattray said that in his view the primary reason for the failure was the lack of anchorage into the footings.
Mr Rattray said the primary reason for the failure was the lack of anchorage into the footings.
Due to simplicity and ease at which nonlinearity of soil can be modeled it can be used for all type of footings (Joseph E.
Rehoboth to custom manufacture the at-grade precast ballasted footings for their solar arrays.
But to characterize such shifts as simply changing from one footing to another does not account for the subtle interplay of footings that sometimes occurs:
Martin Collins Surfaces and Footings is a sister company of Hungerfordbased Martin Collins Enterprises, which has surfaced 15 courses worldwide including Lingfield, Kempton and Wolverhampton.
Agency fisheries officer Gareth Pedley said: "The River East Allen is an important tributary of the River Tyne, but the bridge footings were so large that fish could only get past them when the river levels were very high.