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focus

  1. a term used to describe a firm's concentration on a single or limited range of business activities. By focusing on a ‘core activity’ the firm is better able to reap the benefits of SPECIALIZATION and access ECONOMIES OF SCALE, increase its MARKET SHARE and concentrate management's attention and capabilities on ‘what they know best’. On the debit side, however, over-specialization may make the firm vulnerable to cyclical and secular downturns in demand while limiting opportunities for achieving long-run growth. See HORIZONTAL INTEGRATION, COMPETITIVE STRATEGY. Contrast DIVERSIFICATION.
  2. a means of organizing production. See PRODUCT-FOCUSED LAYOUT.
  3. a means of conducting market research by the use of ‘focus groups’. See MARKETING INTELLIGENCE.
  4. competing in (‘targeting’) one MARKET SEGMENT only (also known as niche targeting or marketing.) See CONCENTRATED MARKETING or TARGETING STRATEGY, DIFFERENTIATED MARKETING or TARGETING STRATEGY.
Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson

focus

a term used to describe a firm's concentration on a single or limited range of business activities. By focusing on a ‘core activity’, the firm is better able to reap the benefits of SPECIALIZATION and access ECONOMIES OF SCALE, increase its MARKET SHARE and concentrate management's attention and capabilities on ‘what they know best’. On the debit side, however, over-specialization may make the firm vulnerable to cyclical and secular downturns in demand while limiting opportunities for achieving long-run growth. See HORIZONTAL INTEGRATION, DIVERSIFICATION.
Collins Dictionary of Economics, 4th ed. © C. Pass, B. Lowes, L. Davies 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Professional ballet dancers showed a high degree of creativity and diversity in their attentional foci. Over many years or even decades of their active careers, they presumably developed certain preferred foci based on what seemed to "work" for them or on instructions they received from their teachers.
In contrast, a pirouette, where balance demands are combined and coordinated with dynamic rotation, appears to lend itself to combinations of internal and external foci, such as "lengthening diagonals in upper body," "spiraling and opening/closing the arms," or "push off the floor and use your whole body to turn." Finally, the dynamic and ballistic motion of the grand jete, which leaves little time for conscious control, likely explains the predominance of external images such as "gliding through air," "imagine jumping over something," or "reach for the sky." Nevertheless, even for the grand jete, more than half of the respondents (57%) indicated that they partially adopted internal foci (internal focus or combination).
With the help of a 2x2x2 (rehabilitation contexts -- community and labor force -- x adjustment domains -- physical and psychosocial -- x intervention foci -- person-aimed and environment-aimed) matrix, eight conceptually, albeit somewhat simplified, unique groups of rehabilitation intervention strategies may be created (see Figure 1).