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Three months of a year, often abbreviated as "Q." Q1 is January, February, and March; Q2 is April, May, and June; and so forth. Publicly traded companies must report on their earnings and other business performance measures every three months. Analysts also use quarters to measure performance internally. For example, one might compare sales in Q1 of 2009 to those in Q1 of 2008 to measure the company's health without having to account for seasonal variance. Often, quarters are abbreviated along with the calendar year; for example, the second quarter of 2006 is expressed as Q2 2006 or Q2/06.
Farlex Financial Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All Rights Reserved


1. One quarter of a point. For bond quotes, a quarter represents one quarter of 1% of par, or $2.50. Thus, a bond quoted at 91 2/4 is being offered for $917.50.
2. A 3-month period that represents 25% of a fiscal year.
Wall Street Words: An A to Z Guide to Investment Terms for Today's Investor by David L. Scott. Copyright © 2003 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. All rights reserved.


The financial world splits up its calendar into four quarters, each three months long.

If January to March is the first quarter, April to June is the second quarter, and so on, though a company's first quarter does not have to begin in January.

The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) requires all publicly held US companies to publish a quarterly report, officially known as Form 10-Q, describing their financial results for the quarter. These reports and the predictions that market analysts make about them often have an impact on a company's stock price.

For example, if analysts predict that a certain company will have earnings of 55 cents a share in a quarter, and the results beat those expectations, the price of the company's stock may increase. But if the earnings are less than expected, even by a penny or two, the stock price may drop, at least for a time.

However, this pattern doesn't always hold true, and other forces may influence investor sentiment about the stock.

Dictionary of Financial Terms. Copyright © 2008 Lightbulb Press, Inc. All Rights Reserved.


One-fourth of a year. For 2007, January, February, and March would be written as 1Q07; April,May,and June would be 2Q07,and so on.

The Complete Real Estate Encyclopedia by Denise L. Evans, JD & O. William Evans, JD. Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
During the first quarter of 2007, adjusted EPS growth of 19 percent exceeded revenue growth of 15 percent by 4 percentage points.
These gains translated into a 4 percent annual rate advance in real disposable income in the first quarter, after a significant 2 3/4 percent advance last year.
In the Great Lakes region, nonfarm personal income increased 0.1 percent in the first quarter, down from a 1.0-percent increase in the fourth quarter and a 1.4-percent increase in the third.
Williams noted that the previous best was the 270 sales recorded in the first quarter of 1988.
Loan facilitation and servicing fees increased by 204% from RMB54.1 million in the first quarter of 2017 to RMB164 million in the first quarter of 2018.
Average deposits for the quarter were $26.4 billion compared to $25.8 billion reported for last year's first quarter, an increase of 2.4 percent.
Limelight reported a net loss of USD 3.3m, or USD 0.03 per basic share, for the first quarter of 2017, compared to a net loss of USD 5.9m, or USD 0.06 per basic share, for the first quarter of 2016.
JetBlue reported first quarter operating revenues of USD 1.6 billion.
Consulting fee revenue for the first quarter of 2014 was a record $137.2mn, an increase of 12% from last year's first quarter.
By the end of the first quarter, the overall profitability of companies listed in the regular market (excluding companies with fiscal year not ending on December 31) reported a decline of 18.17 per cent reaching RO141.50 million, compared to RO172.92 million reported in the corresponding period of 2010.
Agency for Statistics of BiH counted 412.618.178 call minutes in the fixed network, which is 10.8 percent less than in the first quarter of last year.