# population

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## population

1. the total number of people resident in a country at a particular point in time. The UK, for example, had a population of 59 million people in 2004. The size of the population is determined by past and present birth and death rates, together with net migration trends – the number of people leaving the country to live abroad (emigration) compared with the number entering the country to take up residence (immigration). The UK birth rate is currently 11 births per 1000 of the population per annum and the death rate 10 per 1000 of the population per annum. In most advanced countries, both birth and death rates have declined over the long run because of rising living standards and improved medical care; this has produced slow-growing, ageing populations.

The total size of the population and its composition in terms of proportion of males to females and age-group distributions, combined with various SOCIOECONOMIC factors influencing buying characteristics, are important to businesses in assessing the market potential for their products.

2. all possible observations of a certain phenomenon in statistical analysis, for example incomes of all people resident in a country. Where it is too time-consuming and expensive to record all possible observations it is necessary to take a SAMPLE, for example the incomes of 1000 citizens, and generalize about the incomes of all citizens from this sample. See STATISTICAL INFERENCE.
Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson
Fig. 144 Population. The UK birth and death rates, measured in numbers per 1,000 of the population, from 1740 to 2004.

## population

the total number of people resident in a country. The size of the population is determined by past and present BIRTH RATES and DEATH RATES as well as MIGRATION trends. In most advanced industrial countries, both birth and death rates have declined over the long run (see DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION), which has produced slow-growing populations. The size and growth of a country's population determine the size of the LABOUR FORCE that is available to produce output, a country's GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT divided by its population providing a measure of the country's general prosperity (see INCOME PER HEAD). In 2004 the UK's population was 59 million (see Fig. 144 ). By comparison, the population of Germany was 82 million, the USA 288 million, Japan 127 million, India 1,048 million and China 1,281 million.
Collins Dictionary of Economics, 4th ed. © C. Pass, B. Lowes, L. Davies 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Vishwakarma, "Modified exponential ratio and product estimators for finite population mean in double sampling," Austrian Journal of Statistics, vol.
In order to estimate the unknown population parameters we take a random sample of size n units from the finite population U by using simple random sample without replacement.
Our demographic analyses showed that finite population growth rate was constant and equal to 1.0 at site 281 where the population density was greatest.
Royall and Cumberland (1985) studied the conditional coverage properties of finite population confidence [TABULAR DATA FOR TABLE 1 OMITTED] intervals and concluded that the non-normality due to skewness has a strong effect on the distribution of the standardized error of both the traditional ratio (-of-means) and regression estimators.
The effects of finite population size and inbreeding on quantitative traits had been alluded to in previous chapters, and are treated more formally in Chapter 8.
Permanency of response to selection for quantitative characters in finite populations. Proc.
The study explored how the application of finite population correction factors to the between-school component of variance could be used to modify sample sizes required of states that currently qualify for the exemptions from State NAEP minimum sample requirements.
Often it happened that the information about sampling frame in a finite population setup is not available and the conventional sampling methods are no more useful.
We further investigated this possibility under finite population sizes using simulation.
This paper explores the application of finite population correction factors to the between-school component of variance and examines how this might affect sample size requirements in states that currently require exemption from the minimum sample requirements for the state NAEP.
The role of finite population size and linkage in response to continued truncation selection.
In this paper, some generalized exponential chain ratio and chain product type estimators have been proposed for finite population mean in the presence of non-response in stratified two-phase sampling when means of the auxiliary variables are not available.

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