In Belgium, the majority of studies (Princen, CESIFO Working Paper Series, 2012; Van Campenhout and Van Caneghem, Small Business Economics, 2013; Colot et al, Revue du Financier, 2015) analyse the evolution of financial structure
using a pre/post introduction of ACE strategy.
Now, as a result of the parent company's new debt-free financial structure
, the board has set 15% as the new long-term return on equity target and 40 % as the equity ratio target for the group.
"It is clear to us that the previous financial structure
was unsustainable - one does not need a doctorate from Oxbridge to realise that 17% PIK bonds are prone to collapse in a highly-cyclical business such as retail," it said.
Besides, the group does not plan any other investments, apart from the one in China, and so the analysts believe that it will maintain its financial structure
As far as the firm is concerned, its financial structure
is designed based on certain criteria conducive to optimisation, such as minimising the cost of capital.
The observers added that this is the first time for Fubon to float GDR to reinforce its financial structure
, and without successfully acquiring Nan Shan, it still can use the funds to buy financial institutions in China.
Leona Helmsley sold the Helmsley Spear to a partnership between Irving Schneider and the late Alvin Schwartz in 1997 but the court decided that their management contract with W&M should have been found void by the arbitration panel because, under the new ownership, Helmsley Spear had become a completely different company with new "officers, directors, shareholders, management personnel, financial structure
and fewer properties under management than (the former) HelmsleySpear."
Lyons explains the developmental process of financial structure
for young people concerned successful building and protecting their financial future.
and Economic Growth: A Cross-Country Comparison of Banks, Markets and Development Asli Demirguc-Kunt and Ross Levine (eds) The MIT Press: Cambridge and London, 2001, vii + 436 pp., index.
When businesses are bought or sold, the change in ownership will result in the pension trustees being in either a stronger or weaker position, depending on the relative financial strengths of purchaser and vendor as well as the financial structure
of the deal.
Background papers introduce international comparisons of the economic and financial structure
of the euro area, concepts and measures of financial integration, and the EU policies instituted to support financial integration.