Among the Imperial Federationists
in Canada (many of whom were Social Darwinists), there was a great deal of concern about immigration from southern, eastern and central Europe, from which increasing proportions of immigrants were coming in the last two decades before 1914.
Education of that kind will be considered biased, subversive and unAustralian, but Bob Menzies would never have thought so; in fact, no conservative politician since the early Federationists
would have questioned the right of our young to unfettered scholarship.
As we have seen, Curtis's ideas drew heavily on the campaigns of the imperial federationists
of the 1880s and early 1890s.