Finally, we draw conclusions about whether changes in family structure
can help explain race-ethnicity differences in recent wealth trends of college graduates.
Table 5: Family structure
and economic status of participants
While the gap in educational attainment by family structure
has widened over time, factors beyond family structure
may be responsible for that trend.
Yet Moynihan was absolutely right to emphasize the consequences for low-income children of changing family structure
. Partly because there is often only one income coming into a single-parent household, children of unmarried moms are roughly five times as likely to live in poverty as children of married couples.
Interestingly, the authors found that family structure
was not related to children's academic test scores from kindergarten to second grade, but that parental education, poor school quality, and neighborhood disadvantage all contributed to widening test score gaps in the first two years of school between African American and white students.
has a profound impact on child development (Gavin, Chae, & Takeuchi, 2009).
Ecapan said mut'ah marriage destroys family structure
in the society and constitutes an obstacle for notable generations.
A study on the effects of family background and parental involvement on Egyptian adolescents' academic achievement and school disengagement found that family structure
does indeed affect a parent's likelihood to involve himself or herself in a child's schooling.
conflict, betrayal within the family structure
. The result is a powerful story replete with regional characters and influences, perfect for any literary collection strong in short stories.
Road Trip to Redemption offers important keys to family relationships as it provides the autobiography of Mathias' own family structure
and the revelations he faced as a busy yet contented father who notices his middle child withdrawing but receives word from God that it's more than normal teen angst.
None of these studies, however, have offered a comparative analysis of the slave family structure
in the non-cotton-producing regions of the South.
Yet despite often polarized views and opinions on contemporary family structure
, non-traditional families (i.e., those families that shatter long-established nostalgic images and caricatures), are emerging front and center.