factory layout

factory layout

the arrangement of machines and equipment within a factory which includes the layout of departments within the factory site, the layout of machines within the departments and the layout of individual work places. The two principal types of factory layout are PRODUCT-FOCUSED LAYOUTS where a product is routed through the factory on a single path, and PROCESS-FOCUSED LAYOUTS where products may follow a variety of routes through job shops in the factory.

In the two above-mentioned layout systems the product moves past stationary production equipment, but in the case of layout by fixed position the reverse applies. In the extreme case, for example civil engineering, neither the partly completed nor the finished product moves. Alternatively, as in shipbuilding, the product remains stationary only until it is completed.

Changes in the level of demand, or the need to produce a new product or a redesigned product, may result in a need to reorganize existing plant or to provide additional plant. Obsolescence or failure of existing equipment may result in the decision to install equipment whose characteristics provoke some rearrangements. The need for cost reductions may promote a reappraisal of layouts, as may factory legislation, accidents, etc. See PRODUCTION, RELATIONSHIP CHART, ACTIVITY CHART, BLOCK MODEL.

References in periodicals archive ?
Homefab were also successful in securing funding in Round 1 of the Made in Queensland program, receiving $125,837 to introduce business process management software and deliver factory layout improvements.
"We'd also revised some of our wider factory layout in readiness and have achieved further operational efficiencies as a result.
The investment in new machinery and an improved factory layout will also help Newport-based BRC Reinforcement raise productivity levels and safeguard a further 20 jobs.
(2012), "Software Eraluation Criteria for Rapid Factory Layout Planning, Design and Simulation" at 45 CIRP Conference on Manufacturing Systems, ISBN 978-1-627-48512-8 Stockholm.
Operational procedures and factory layout are based on well proven and efficient practices developed over the years.
In the following section this paper will discuss about the baseline vehicle structure used, production volumes, capacity planning, baseline factory layout simulation and proposed factory layout simulation.
In this work discrete event simulation (DES) and factory layout design are considered as the representatives of digital factory for our discussion and implementation.
Hashmi, "Design and analysis of a virtual factory layout," Journal of Materials Processing Technology, vol.
Unveiled at the International Manufacturing Technology Show, the portfolio spans computer aided manufacturing (CAM), additive manufacturing, composites, robotics fabrication, factory layout, inspection and modeling.
Delegates will hear from some of the country's leading experts on the technology, learning about 3D modelling, weld simulation, component analysis, heat treatment modelling, process mapping and factory layout planning.
"We created F4N to help manufacturers close any gaps in performance, and this new funding will provide vital support for anyone taking the next steps and getting ready to compete for nuclear opportunities." The funding call will allow management teams to drive business improvements in areas such as improved manufacturing processes, factory layout, bid writing, training plans and strategy.
With the new integrated solution, manufacturers can benefit from an earlier start of production, by avoiding construction or production line interferences; better quality designs with increased production throughput, reached through accurate simulations of all potential factory layout configurations; the rapid creation of as-built plant models, reducing the time and costs associated with modeling the digital factory; and the ability of the point-cloud model to serve as the as-built/as-operating record of the line, enabling improvements to operational performance through the factory and product and process lifecycle.