To be sure, Australia is not the only country experiencing a substantial redistribution of factor income
from labour to capital over the neoliberal era; in fact, it could be argued that achieving such a redistribution was precisely the point of neoliberalism.
In the above equation, [YH.sub.h] represents the total income obtained by resident stream h, QLRSAGG and QLUSAGG respectively represent the aggregate supply of rural labor factor and that of urban labor factor; QKSAGG represents the aggregate supply of capital factor; [shif.sub.hlr] and [shif.sub.hlu] respectively represent the rural labor factor income
obtained by resident stream h and the proportion of urban labor factor income
, [shif.sub.hk] represents the proportion of capital income obtained by resident stream h.
The wages and factor incomes
are introduced a simplistic method in Table 2.
The decrease in consumption leads to a smaller "consumption fund" that finances interest and original factor income
. (15) With a decrease in consumption, this net income fund always declines (Rothbard, 2009, p.
The possible impact of this scenario is analysed in the last experiment by applying a shock of 60 percent decline in factor income
from the construction sector.
Second, we explore the three major components--the trade balance, net factor income
, and transfers--of the current account imbalances using the following equation:
The sharp rise in unemployment due to the recession increased factor income
Total factor income
inflow into Hong Kong, estimated at $171.2 billion HK dollars ($ 22.09 billion) in the first quarter and equivalent to 45% of GDP, fell 26.7% over a year earlier.
Non-oil growth exceeded that of the oil sector for the first time since 2002, while its share of GDP improved slightly to 47.6%, though remained well under the 62.2% registered in 2002.Investment income from abroad, or net factor income
from abroad (NFIA), was down in 2007.
Statistics Denmark, the Danish state statistics agency, has reportedly said that according to the gross national factor income
, or farm industry earnings report, the earnings for the Danish agriculture sector had decreased by DKK1.0bn, or by 4.6%, to DKK20.4bn in 2003, as compared to 2002.
This creates a "market size" effect of R&D: productivity-improving resources are allocated toward factor markets with large factor income
. With endogenous technical change, it is quite possible that R&D resources are allocated to one factor at the expense of another factor if the market for the neglected factor is small.
Appendix Table 1.2 Pakistan: Factor Income
Shares by Household Type, 2001-02 Rural All Rural AgHHs HHs HHs Sindh Labour 0.522 0.298 0.248 Land 0.081 0.144 0.242 Water 0.003 0.005 0.014 Capital 0.394 0.553 0.497 of which Livestk &Ag Capital 0.115 0.205 0.408 Total 1.000 1.000 1.000 Own-farm & Agric.