Coronal positioning of the facet joints
at L5 level and facet tropism may lead to pars fractures due to overload with repetitive sagittal movements.
Are facet joint
bone marrow lesions and other facet joint
features associated with low back pain?
Specifically, it demonstrated a moderate joint effusion in the C4-C5 right facet joint
with adjacent subchondral erosive change along the opposing surfaces of the joint and a small epidural fluid collection with mild mass effect on the spinal cord at the same level (Fig.
2,4) The facet joint
capsule and surrounding musculature have numerous proprioceptors in the form of muscle spindles and type I and type II afferents.
Traumatic cervical mielopathy due to cervical disc rupture without osseous lesion (fracture of vertebral body and facet joint
, or dislocations) is a rare event (4,6,10).
In the lumbar spine, the facet joints
are oriented in the sagittal plane.
In this article the anatomical structures and biomechanics of the lumbar facet joints
, as well as the etiopathogenesis, clinical presentation, diagnosis, diagnosis and treatment of LFS were reviewed.
On further review, the CT scan revealed inflammatory changes and bony destruction of the L3-L4 facet joints
The deterioration of facet joints
can result in considerable back pain.
It is used to provide stability by fixation through the facet joints
Patients may complain of focal tenderness over the facet joints
with exacerbation of pain during extension.
In the same way, the sizes and shapes of the intervertebral foramina and the kinematics of the facet joints
may be observed in the lower images in Figure 5.