That education does create some positive externalities
, which are continuously being used to justify the $960 billion paid in taxes.
exist because some people in a low-transaction-cost group bargain for their mutual benefit and as a by-product generate costs or benefits external to the market that affect others outside the low-transaction-cost group.
When exploring the technology adoption from within a peer-to-peer platform is important to think about network externalities
. The following two sections will explore the two dimensions of the proposed conceptual framework.
In fact, externalities
often apply to our most important societal issuesclean air, clean water, and most anything to do with environmental impacts.
Violence is also a part of negative externalities
which is also the main cause for the increase seen in the growth of population and also poverty.
Calculating any positive externalities
that could be generated by an enterprise producing a perfectly competitive, easily traded, commodity is a fool's errand.
We now show that the tax cooperation may even yield a lower welfare level than tax competition when one country's public infrastructure investment generates externalities
for the other host country.
Ideally a transboundary river treaty should be geared to share costs (negative externalities
) and benefits (positive externalities
) in harnessing them.
Accordingly, this article concludes that it would be reasonable for federal and state governments to adjust mineral royalty rates to account for negative externalities
that are not otherwise addressed by regulation, or to otherwise promote public welfare.
When individuals or firms make their decisions, they generally do not account for any externalities
they may impose on others.
A prominent example of adapting the economic analysis of network externalities
to IT investment decisions is presented by Au and Kauffman (2001) who model technology adoption for the electronic bill presentment and payment (EBPP) industry.
New Delhi [India], August 31 ( ANI ): Amid ongoing debates regarding the pros and cons of loan waivers for farmers and the subsequent impact it would have on the economy, Reserve Bank of India (RBI) Governor Urjit Patel opined that there are externalities
that spill over beyond the farming sector.