It is well known that some scholars have doubted the validity of exclusion principle.
For example, in reference , it presents that for high-energy celestial bodies such as neutron stars and the like, the broken Pauli exclusion principle will be observed; and points out that the exclusion principle may be broken in high-energy state.
The competitive exclusion principle
. Science 131:1292-1297.
Relying on this nuclear physics example, one deduces that the Pauli exclusion principle is completely consistent with three identical fermions in a [J.sup.[pi]] = [3/2.sup.+] and I = 3/2 ground state.
The discussion presented above shows that there is no need for introducing a new degree of freedom (like color) in order to settle the states of [[DELTA].sup.++], [[DELTA].sup.-] and [[OMEGA].sup.-] baryons with the Pauli exclusion principle. Hence, there is no reason for the QCD invention.
In the following sub-sections, three areas are discussed: The Pauli exclusion principle, chemical reactivity and chemical bonds.
The Pauli Exclusion Principle is an extremely important principle in science .
Although physicists commonly invoke the exclusion principle
, "you have to measure [its effects] before people really believe it," says Stefan Oberholzer of the University of Basel in Switzerland, where he and his colleagues conducted one of the confirming tests.
The Pauli exclusion principle
stands at the heart of modern molecular, atomic and nuclear physics.
The Pauli exclusion principle stands at the basis of the structure and stability of matter.
Mohapatra of the University of Maryland at College Park have developed a theory that permits a slight violation of the exclusion principle. Experiments to test their theory are likely to follow.
In the way they build the superstructures of atoms and in the way they prevent atoms from collapsing, electrons obey a rule called the Pauli exclusion principle
. The exclusion principle
forces them to follow the Fermi-Dirac statistical law, under which their wave functions can be positive part of the time and negative part of the time.