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Exchange

Stock Exchange

A place, whether physical or electronic, where stocks, bonds, and/or derivatives in listed companies are bought and sold. A stock exchange may be a private company, a non-profit, or a publicly-traded company (some exchanges have shares that trade on their own floors). A stock exchange provides a regulated place where brokers and companies may meet in order to make investments on neutral ground. The concept traces its roots back to medieval France and the Low Countries, where agricultural goods were traded for cash or debt. Most countries have a main exchange and many also have smaller, regional exchanges. A stock exchange is also called a bourse or simply an exchange.

exchange


exchange

See swap.

Exchange.

Traditionally, an exchange has been a physical location for trading securities. Trading is handled, at least in part, by an open outcry or dual auction system.

Two examples in the United States are the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), which has the largest trading floor in the world, and the Chicago Board Options Exchange (CBOE).

However, the definition is evolving. Traditional exchanges handle an increasing number of trades electronically, off the floor. Nasdaq and other totally electronic securities markets, without trading floors, have exchange status.

As a result, the terms exchange and market are being used interchangeably to mean any environment in which listed products are traded.

The term exchange also refers to the act of moving assets from one fund to another in the same fund family or from one variable annuity subaccount to another offered through the same contract.

exchange

see MARKET, BARTER.

exchange

  1. 1the transfer of the right to own or use goods and services. Exchange is necessary in specialized economies (see SPECIALIZATION). In simpler specialized economies, exchange can take the form of BARTER. In more complex specialized economies exchange is undertaken through MARKETS, where the right to own or use goods and services is bought and sold. See TRANSACTION.
  2. the means of financing the purchase of goods and services in a market. See MONEY, FOREIGN EXCHANGE.

exchange

Parties may exchange like-kind properties and not pay any income taxes at the time of the exchange but, instead, defer them until the later sale of the exchanged property. See 1031 exchange.

Exchange

A transfer of property for other property or services. Some exchanges produce currently taxable income while others can be structured so as to defer any tax liability.
References in periodicals archive ?
The detection limit of [Ca.sup.2+] ion was examined for the cation exchanger with a sample length of 3 mm.
The person who does not pay the exchanger or [the person] who takes him cash and leaves [this cash] with him, sins [as well as the exchanger] ...
In a commercial situation, the energy that the heat exchangers collect is of great interest.
Its sister company, Kipp Umwelttechnik, also offers the cleaning of tubes and tube bundle heat exchangers using TubeMaster as a service.
A total of 9 wavy fin-and-tube heat exchangers, having same wavy fin configuration have been used in this study.
Shell & tube heat exchangers are the most common types of heat exchangers used globally.
The literature indicates that energy exchangers are less susceptible to frosting than sensible heat exchangers.
One HVAC component particularly susceptible to thermal fatigue is the system's heat exchanger.
'3D numerical simulation on shell-and-tube heat exchangers with middle-overlapped helical baffles and continuous baffles--Part I: Numerical model and results of whole heat exchanger with middle-overlapped helical baffles', International journal of heat and mass transfer, 52: 5371-5380.
Manufacturers have relied on tube-fin heat exchangers for decades.
The pre-validated chromatography columns can come packed with either strong cation exchangers, weak cation exchangers or strong anion exchangers, eliminating manual column packing and cleaning, according to the company.