ex ante


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Ex-Ante

Describing any predicted future event. For example, an analyst may predict a company's earnings ex-ante and then compare its actual earnings to gauge the accuracy of her prediction. See also: Ex-Post.

ex ante

adj. being applied from before an action. The concept of an ‘ex ante’ approach to economics, together with that of ex post (‘from after’), is widely employed in economic analysis to examine the change in some economic phenomenon as it moves from a state of DISEQUILIBRIUM to one of EQUILIBRIUM. For example, in the Keynesian model of national income determination, planned investment may be greater than planned saving so that the economic system is in a state of disequilibrium. The excess of investment, however, serves to inject additional income into the economy and, via the MULTIPLIER effect, increases both income and saving, bringing about an eventual ‘ex post’ equilibrium where realized investment equals realized savings. See EQUILIBRIUM LEVEL OF NATIONAL INCOME.
References in periodicals archive ?
Johann Frick has developed such an account: ex ante contractualism.
In some cases, the ex ante contracting goes further to address
Our approach differs from previous research both by distinguishing between the often-confounded effects of adverse selection and ex ante moral hazard on the probability of a claim, and by testing for the separate presence of ex post moral hazard.
Para el profesor Ohlin, la tasa de interes depende de la interaccion en el margen entre la oferta de credito nuevo debida al ahorro ex ante y la demanda de credito nuevo proveniente de la inversion ex ante.
First, they find a significant residual gender gap with ex ante but not ex post choices and interpret this as suggesting that the residual gender gaps are different.
One is that net neutrality policy has lost its focus and is now a growing miscellany of ex ante regulations that frequently work against the entrepreneurs and consumers the rules are intended to help.
This comparison further bolsters our proposal in favour of a division between ex ante and ex post versions of the rule.
Nevertheless, the Discussion Draft essentially condones the use of hindsight by allowing tax authorities to use ex post evidence and presume that an intangible is mispriced if there is a significant difference between the ex post "correct" price (the "actual financial outcomes" in the Drafts phrasing) (3) and the ex ante price unless the taxpayer meets the criteria listed in paragraph 14.
EX ANTE BUDGETARY 29 2.545 0.000 0.869 INFORMATION (A) (1+2+3) EX POST BUDGETARY 46 2.712 0.000 0.962 INFORMATION (P) (4+5+6+8) KEY BUDGETARY 41 1.894 0.000 0.920 INFORMATION (K) (1+7) ADDITIONAL BUDGETARY 34 2.923 0.000 0.911 INFORMATION (AD) (2+3+4+5+6) TOTAL (1+2+3+4+5+6+7) 75 4.500 0.000 1.865 DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS St.
Leading academic commentary explicitly assumes that contractual responsibilities are determined in the following way: parties determine many of their duties ex ante, by specifying terms at the time of contract formation, and leave the rest of the terms vague, for a court to specify ex post if any should prove important.
It will then explore some of the problems with this current regime before proposing a new regime of ex ante review and detailing its implementation and procedure.
The main changes concern pay-out arrangements (time limit of 20 working days at present reduced to seven working days by 2024) and the introduction of ex ante financing arrangements with a minimum target level for ex ante funds of 0.8% of covered deposits to be reached within a ten-year period, collected from banks' contributions.