Hearsay

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Hearsay

Evidence gathered from a second-hand or even further removed source. That is, the person giving hearsay evidence did not witness or experience the evidence himself/herself. In many jurisdictions, hearsay evidence is not admissible in court, especially in criminal proceedings. There are, however, a number of exceptions to this rule, notably if the original witness is unavailable or dead.
References in classic literature ?
Such beliefs he will be willing to use as premisses in reasoning, and to him personally they will seem to have as much evidence as any belief can need.
Inglethorp, how did the evidence at the inquest strike you?
If the climate, since the Glacial period, has ever been in any degree warmer than at present (as some geologists in the United States believe to have been the case, chiefly from the distribution of the fossil Gnathodon), then the arctic and temperate productions will at a very late period have marched a little further north, and subsequently have retreated to their present homes; but I have met with no satisfactory evidence with respect to this intercalated slightly warmer period, since the Glacial period.
And if the ear-rings being found in Nikolay's hands at the very day and hour of the murder constitutes an important piece of circumstantial evidence against him--although the explanation given by him accounts for it, and therefore it does not tell seriously against him--one must take into consideration the facts which prove him innocent, especially as they are facts that /cannot be denied/.
Confirmatory evidence followed from Rogers and Buckstone.
The postmaster's evidence was of importance in one respect: it suggested the motive which had brought the deceased to Zeeland.
Mr Allworthy then declared that the evidence of such a slut as she appeared to be would have deserved no credit; but he said he could not help thinking that, had she been present, and would have declared the truth, she must have confirmed what so many circumstances, together with his own confession, and the declaration of his wife that she had caught her husband in the fact, did sufficiently prove.
We heard afterward that he had given his evidence so clearly, and the horses were in such an exhausted state, bearing marks of such brutal usage, that the carter was committed to take his trial, and might possibly be sentenced to two or three months in prison.
A clerk in the Sheriff-Clerk's office then officially produced the Declaration, and corroborated the evidence of the witness who had preceded him.
Give your evidence,' the King repeated angrily, `or I'll have you executed, whether you're nervous or not.
I am leaving to get my proofs--for the irrefutable evidence of the murderer's guilt.
These precautions enabled the coroner and jury to settle the question of identity, and to confirm the correctness of the servant's assertion; the evidence offered by competent witnesses, and by the discovery of certain facts, being subsequently strengthened by an examination of the dead man's watch.