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human engineering

the study of the interface between people and technology with the objective of achieving a better ‘fit’ between the two. The twin objectives of ergonomics are the interrelated ones of improvements in efficiency and the provision of better working conditions. For instance, an ergonomist would be concerned to ensure that a typist's chair is of the right height to avoid back and arm strains. As well as minimizing employee dissatisfaction this would prevent productivity from being impaired by physical injury. In more complex technological environments the ergonomist is also concerned with the distribution of functions between human operators and the technology itself.

Ergonomics grew out of SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT, one strand of which was concerned with the development of technology that could be matched to the task in hand and to the human physique, and human factor psychology (see OCCUPATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY), which was concerned with the impact of environmental factors on work performance.

References in periodicals archive ?
So, the role of the ergonomist is to interact with engineers and workers to develop a process or system that is safe, productive and, most importantly, will be used.
Microsoft takes ergonomics very seriously, Odell reminds us, and is one of the few desktop peripheral manufacturers with certified staff ergonomists.
if your hand is very small, you can't rest it on the mouse pad the same way an adult would," Microsoft ergonomist Dan Odell explains.
The ergonomist also reported force measurements for adjusting the height of work areas.
Lean champions, lean team members, manufacturing engineers and managers, and subject matter experts for ergonomics and human performance will learn to leverage ergonomic principles in lean manufacturing activities from Humantech's experienced, board-certified ergonomists.
Jim Coldwell, a naval architect with Defence Research and Development Canada, and Scott MacKinnon, an ergonomist, conducted the study in a ship-motion simulator at Newfoundland's Memorial University.
MOST OF THE WORK of Cornell ergonomist Alan Hedge, a professor of design and environmental analysis and director of Cornell's Human Factors and Ergonomics Laboratory, focuses on applying ergonomic design criteria to make workplaces more productive.
Continuing the company's leadership in the category, each new device is designed by a Microsoft ergonomist with the daily comfort of the user in mind.
As part of the course, the participants will have an opportunity to take a written examination given by the Oxford Research Institute that can be applied toward obtaining the certified industrial ergonomist designation.
This program puts the focus of intervention where the injuries are," said Connie Miller, Intracorp's director of strategic markets and a certified ergonomist.