ergonomics


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ergonomics

or

human engineering

the study of the interface between people and technology with the objective of achieving a better ‘fit’ between the two. The twin objectives of ergonomics are the interrelated ones of improvements in efficiency and the provision of better working conditions. For instance, an ergonomist would be concerned to ensure that a typist's chair is of the right height to avoid back and arm strains. As well as minimizing employee dissatisfaction this would prevent productivity from being impaired by physical injury. In more complex technological environments the ergonomist is also concerned with the distribution of functions between human operators and the technology itself.

Ergonomics grew out of SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT, one strand of which was concerned with the development of technology that could be matched to the task in hand and to the human physique, and human factor psychology (see OCCUPATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY), which was concerned with the impact of environmental factors on work performance.

References in periodicals archive ?
The reliability coefficient of Administrative Ergonomic is 0/88, Technical Ergonomics 0/85.
Silva, a Certified Professional Ergonomist (CPE) of more than 15 years, is known for integrating ergonomics into dominant business practices such as Six Sigma and Lean Manufacturing, which embrace “value stream” concepts.
An effective way to anticipate the problem is to provide young students with adequate knowledge of ergonomics and computer use and environmental design, and now there is an urgent need for specific guidelines to protect school students.
* Get rid of the non-value added activities that often go hand-in-hand with ergonomics risk factors.
'Safe lifting techniques, proper posture, appropriate seating position, and adaptive equipment are only a few of the many examples of ergonomics in the workplace.
Not only it can enhance the Company's strength in the "New Light Resources", on the other hand it would be an important step for entering the LED ergonomics investment.
Ergonomics has long been considered essential in the workplace for avoiding visual and musculoskeletal injury and discomfort, and Odell sees K-12 coming on board.
The goal of sound ergonomics is to boost employee performance while reducing injuries and errors, says Alan Hedge, professor of ergonomics, Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y.
Data download and mold set-up speeds are said to have been substantially improved, as well, via proprietary software and enhanced ergonomics.
Ergonomics is the use of science to produce human- friendly designs.
According to Mike Wynn, certified professional ergonomist and vice president of Humantech, "The Applied Lean Ergonomics course adds a unique set of tools to the lean tool kit for organizations to accelerate their lean journey.
At the Sixth Annual Applied Ergonomics Conference held in Dallas, Texas, in March of 2003, the Institute of Industrial Engineers (IIE) awarded the Ergo Cup in Training and Education to Ford Motor Company for the GSPAS Ergonomics Application (Ergo Solutions 2003).