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human engineering

the study of the interface between people and technology with the objective of achieving a better ‘fit’ between the two. The twin objectives of ergonomics are the interrelated ones of improvements in efficiency and the provision of better working conditions. For instance, an ergonomist would be concerned to ensure that a typist's chair is of the right height to avoid back and arm strains. As well as minimizing employee dissatisfaction this would prevent productivity from being impaired by physical injury. In more complex technological environments the ergonomist is also concerned with the distribution of functions between human operators and the technology itself.

Ergonomics grew out of SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT, one strand of which was concerned with the development of technology that could be matched to the task in hand and to the human physique, and human factor psychology (see OCCUPATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY), which was concerned with the impact of environmental factors on work performance.

Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson
References in periodicals archive ?
Second, OSHA will implement an enforcement plan designed to target prosecutable ergonomic violations.
During Senate deliberation of the CRA, Senator John Breaux (D-La.) and others who ultimately voted in favor of overturning the OSHA rules, vowed to find a way to create ergonomic regulations that would address the injuries of workers without imposing a sustainable financial burden on employers.
Ergonomics is the study of work and the environment.
Dental ergonomic risk factors include prolonged static postures of upper body, repetitive mechanical stress due to precision required with treatments, force stresses, vibrations from the dental equipment, inadequate work breaks and improper posture of dentist.2 Consequences of ergonomically poor working conditions leads to a wide range of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) The most commonly presented MSDs by dentists are found in the regions of the neck (75%), shoulder (69%), lower back/hips (72%), and wrists (73%), ankles (12%) and elbows (7%).3,4
After deploying a data-driven ergonomics system, the company significantly reduced injury rates while boosting employee retention and satisfaction.
One of the most famous computer systems aiding ergonomic can be considered software solution from the DF family, particularly Delmia V5 Human and Tecnomatix Jack (i.e.
Related: Sit up straight: Millennials, safety and ergonomics Turning losses into a win-win
Some robots, such as the Sawyer unit used in Althoefer's experiments, already have ergonomic features.
"This recognition reflects our effort to create consumer-focused and ergonomic products derived from countless hours of behavioral research and user analyses," said Hyunjoo Song, Vice President of the Digital Appliances Business at Samsung Electronics.
One common example of such an ergonomic injury is Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.
The LEVEL U combines fashion, comfort, and performance with cutting-edge wireless Bluetooth capabilities; this is a really easy-to-use headset, and our customers will enjoy it." Sophisticated, Ergonomic Design Available in range of striking colors, including blue black, white, gold and blue, the Level U can fit any style.
Not only are they an impediment to fast and ergonomic examination procedures, but they also present an infection control risk in sterile interventional settings, even when they are covered in sterile sheaths.