The objective of the present study is to evaluate the potential impact of systematic and random uncertainty in the estimated PFOA drinking-water and serum concentrations on the epidemiological association
between PFOA exposure and preeclampsia.
The results are consistent with mounting evidence for [a] biological and epidemiological association
between HCV infection and cardiovascular morbidity," they said and suggested "HCV needs to be considered a cardiovascular risk factor.
82) Lord Rodger illustrated his example of evidence of temporality in the context of a medicinal product and an adverse effect, where there was "a strong epidemiological association
between a drug and some condition that could have been caused in some other way.
However in the synchronous presentation of these two malignancies, an epidemiological association
has been noted (5), and this synchronous relationship can also be explained in terms of the immunosuppression over a prolonged period of time.
He also served as president of the International Epidemiological Association
and the American Schools of Public Health during his career.