Enterprise

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Enterprise

A business firm.

Enterprise

A company or any other business.

business

or

firm

or

enterprise

a producer or distributor of GOODS or SERVICES. The economic form of a business consists of:
  1. a horizontal business, a business which specializes in a single activity, for example the production of bread. See HORIZONTAL INTEGRATION;
  2. a vertical business, a business which combines two or more successively-related vertical activities, for example flour milling and bread production. See VERTICAL INTEGRATION;
  3. a conglomerate or diversified business, a business that is engaged in a number of unrelated production activities, for example bread production and the supply of financial services.

See DIVERSIFICATION.

A business can take a number of ‘legal’ forms:

  1. a sole proprietorship, a business owned and controlled by a single person;
  2. a partnership, a business owned and controlled by two or more persons who are parties to a partnership agreement;
  3. a JOINT-STOCK COMPANY, a business owned by a group of SHAREHOLDERS and whose capital is divided up into a number of shares;
  4. a cooperative, a business owned and controlled by a group of workers. See WORKERS' COOPERATIVE.

For purposes of COMPANY LAW and the application of many company taxes and allowances (for example, CORPORATION TAX and CAPITAL ALLOWANCES) a distinction is made between ‘small and medium-sized’ companies and ‘large’ companies. Small and medium-sized companies (SMEs) are defined as follows (Companies Act, 1995):

  1. annual turnover of less than £11.2 million;
  2. gross assets of under £5.6 million;
  3. not more than 250 employees In 2000 there were some 3,662,000 firms in the UK, of which 80% were run by the self-employed. Most businesses are small with around 3,630,000 firms employing under 50 people; 24,600 firms employed between 50 and 249 people, while only 6,700 firms employed over 250 people. However, in terms of their contribution to gross domestic product (GDP) firms employing over 50 people contributed in excess of 75% of total output.

The total stock of firms fluctuates from year to year depending on the net balance of new start-up businesses and those businesses ceasing trading (see INSOLVENCY). Generally the total stock of firms increases when the economy is expanding (or as a result of some ‘special’ factor, e.g. the surge in newly established INTERNET businesses) and falls in a recession.

A final point to note is that with the increasing globalization of the world economy MULTINATIONAL ENTERPRISES are becoming more prevalent in economies such as the UK.

enterprise

see FIRM.
References in periodicals archive ?
Enterprise networking requires an integrated applications environment with common access to services for users in conjunction with installed industry standard operating systems.
Enterprise networking solutions provider 3Com Corporation (Nasdaq:COMS) announced on Friday it has won another new project in the Latin America federal market.
"With our H3C enterprise networking solutions, 3Com provides high-performance products that offer a rapid return on investment through great price/performance, strong manageability and low energy usage," said Bernard Etchebarne, 3Com General Manager, EMEA South.
3Com's entire H3C enterprise networking portfolio is designed to deliver the industry's lowest total cost of ownership (TCO).
TD Azlan, a European distributor of enterprise networking, server, storage and enterprise software solutions, today announced that it has signed an agreement to distribute Brocade (NASDAQ: BRCD) products in Germany, the UK, the Nordic region, Benelux and Spain.
3Com Corporation, an enterprise networking solutions provider, said that its networking switches were evaluated by Miercom, a provider of independent test services, and were found to use up to 40 per cent less energy than competing products.
The S5800, and the entire H3C enterprise networking portfolio, was designed with a future-proof architecture using the industry's latest technology.
"The PAX.ware 2500 is designed to enable evaluation and testing of OC-48 classification and content inspection in content switches, content security devices, multi-service switches, edge routers and Enterprise networking equipment," said Joe Aragona, marketing manager for IDT's IP co-processor division.
Editorial will be written for communications systems designers and managers working in a range of communications markets, including enterprise networking, wireless communications, mobile telecom, satellite communications, portable computing, cable services, and industrial communications.

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