To the best of our knowledge, apart from a small pilot study16 done in India, this is the only study reporting the use of BiPAP therapy through endotracheal tube
in unconscious COPD patients.
12,13 Some studies have shown that application of betamethasone gel on the endotracheal tube
before insertion significantly reduces the incidence of sore throat.
Thus, we conclude that ultrasound is a rapid and accurate tool with high sensitivity and specificity for confirmation of endotracheal tube
placement in patients with or without difficult airway undergoing elective surgery, but visualisation of trachea is difficult in cases with distorted neck anatomy.
Suction of oral cavity and endotracheal tube
with separate suction catheters using infection control rules.
These considerations then raise the question: in adult patients requiring orotracheal intubation for whatever reason, what is the optimal distance for endotracheal tube
The endotracheal tube
cuff pressure must be maintained in a certain range to reduce the risk of aspirations of secretions, which may cause VAP.
A feasibility study on bedside upper airway ultrasonography compared to waveform capnography for verifying endotracheal tube
location after intubation.
Proper selection of patients, use of flexometallic endotracheal tube
with removable connector, proper coordination between surgeons and anaesthetists and frequent checking of endotracheal tube
after intubation are key factors for avoiding complications related to the technique.
Conventionally anaesthesia is administered using an Endotracheal tube
Correlations between controlled endotracheal tube
cuff pressure and postprocedural complications: A multicenter study.
Some surgeries can be done without a general anesthetic (like under spinal anesthesia), and in some short procedures under general anesthesia it may be possible to use a face mask and avoid endotracheal tube
A diagrammatic representation of mechanism of tracheal mucosal perfusion injury secondary to endotracheal tube
cuff overinflation is shown in Figure 2.