ER

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Related to endoplasmic reticulum: Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

ER

The two-character ISO 3166 country code for ERITREA.
Copyright © 2012, Campbell R. Harvey. All Rights Reserved.

ER

1. ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code for the State of Eritrea. This is the code used in international transactions to and from Eritrean bank accounts.

2. ISO 3166-2 geocode for Eritrea. This is used as an international standard for shipping to Eritrea. Each Eritrean province has its own code with the prefix "ER." For example, the code for the Province of Debub is ISO 3166-2:ER-DU.
Farlex Financial Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Qualifying Widow(er)

The filing status available to a qualified taxpayer for two tax years following the year of the spouse's death. To qualify, the surviving spouse must have been entitled to file a joint return for the year of death, remain unmarried at the end of the current tax year, and pay over half the cost of maintaining his or her home, which was the principal residence the entire tax year of his or her dependent child (other than a foster child).
Copyright © 2008 H&R Block. All Rights Reserved. Reproduced with permission from H&R Block Glossary
References in periodicals archive ?
Differential contributions of ATF6 and XBP1 to the activation of endoplasmic reticulum stress-responsive cis-acting elements ERSE, UPRE and ERSE-II.
Endoplasmic reticulum stress: A new actor in the development of hepatic steatosis.
The potential effects of endoplasmic reticulum stress on the apoptosis of myocardial cells from mice with heart failure induced by acute viral myocarditis caused by B 3 Coxsackie virus.
zp = zona pellusida, PVS = Pervitelline space, m membrain, CG = cortical Granules,V = vacoule, SER = smooth endoplasmic reticulum, RER = rouph endoplasmic reticulum, M = Mitochondria
The IRE1[alpha]-XBP1 axis leads to the expansion of the endoplasmic reticulum, enhancing its ability to secrete extracellular matrix proteins and activate myofibroblasts.
Kaplowitz, "The contribution of endoplasmic reticulum stress to liver diseases," Hepatology, vol.
Wanke, "Mitochondrial dysregulation secondary to endoplasmic reticulum stress in autosomal dominant tubulointerstitial kidney disease - UMOD (ADTKD-UMOD)," Scientific Reports, vol.
BiP is highly expressed in the ER and can be used as the endoplasmic reticulum marker [102].
It is reasonable to presume that Vitamin D ameliorates impaired wound healing in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice by suppressing endoplasmic reticulum stress.
Walter, "Endoplasmic reticulum stress sensing in the unfolded protein response," Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology, vol.
Dwivedi, "Altered expression of endoplasmic reticulum stress associated genes in hippocampus of learned helpless rats: relevance to depression pathophysiology," Frontiers in Pharmacology, vol.
The second step is the application of special permeabilizing chemicals that specifically interact with cholesterol from membranes of cells or muscle fibers, attacking the cholesterol rich membranes such as plasmalema, while sparing the membrane of endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondrial membranes.

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