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employeea person who is employed by an EMPLOYER (firm, government, etc.) on a paid basis to perform a JOB or work task specified in his or her CONTRACT OF EMPLOYMENT. See PAY, WORKER.
employeea person who is hired (employed) by another person or FIRM to provide LABOUR services as a FACTOR INPUT in the production of a good or service. Compare EMPLOYER, SELF-EMPLOYED. See WORKING POPULATION.
For income tax purposes, an employee is an individual who is subject to the will and control of the employer not only as to what shall be done but also as to how it shall be done. An employee is to be distinguished from an independent contractor because an employee's wages are subject to income tax withholding, and in most cases, social security and Medicare tax withholding. Employee status also affects how the taxpayer claims allowable deductions.