Third, the Fair model econometrically
estimates these multiplier values:
Based on the complete survey of Russian airlines that was conducted in winter of 2006-2007, we analyzed essential entry-barriers in the industry, evaluated the impact of division of vertically integrated structures ("airport-airline") on regional passenger welfare, and econometrically
estimated efficiency of methods for overcoming entry-barriers in the Russian PAI.
, if there is reason to believe that, intertemporally, beta might change if m [not equal to] n, then m should be taken equal to n and observations must be chosen contemporaneously in each market.
In fact, this is the only criticism of the book that might be leveled by those accustomed to more econometrically
sophisticated academic research.
An ultra-rationalist, econometrically
inclined friend, who seems to enjoy providing fodder for my columns, warns me not to be too sentimental about these things.
Ukraine's performance is shown econometrically
by Havrylshyn, Izvorski, and van Rooden ("Growth in Transition Economies 1990-97 - An Econometric Analysis with Application to Ukraine") as consistent with the general growth experiences of other transition economies and explained very well by the lack of institutional reform.
In the former model the coefficient on "scope" is positive (costs increasing), while in the latter the corresponding coefficient is negative (costs decreasing), and Gonzales does not provide any tests to determine which model specification is preferred econometrically
Many of these studies either ignore the issue or acknowledge it but do not address it econometrically
We estimated econometrically
that roughly 60 percent of the mortgages held by this latter group have loan-to-value ratios of 80 percent or less, 20 percent have ratios between 80 percent and 90 percent, and 20 percent have ratios greater than 90 percent.
In this way, we retain the full information available in the sample, and formulate a theoretically and econometrically
correct specification of the decision process.
After controlling for them econometrically
, he concludes that such differences in labor market conditions might in fact explain all of the variation in teenage employment growth.
Goldin, "arguing on the basis of an econometrically
estimated supply and demand model and with data on slave prices and hire rates drawn from probate records, examines the changing number of slaves in southern urban areas between 1820 and 1860, distinguishing cyclical variation from underlying trend movements, to discuss the impact of urbanization on the economic viability of slavery and the implications to be drawn from the relative decline of urban slavery in the last antebellum decade" (4).