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A company's reduction in the number of employees, number of bureaucratic levels, and overall size in an attempt to increase efficiency and profitability.
Copyright © 2012, Campbell R. Harvey. All Rights Reserved.
To reduce the size of a company. A company downsizes when its operations are perceived to become inefficient and it wishes to concentrate on certain competencies in order to improve profitability and reduce expenses. Downsizing often reduces the number of jobs at the company. Because downsizing reduces expenses, it often increases the company's value and/or dividends for shareholders.
Farlex Financial Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All Rights Reserved
- the use of PERSONAL COMPUTERS in a business in place of large mainframe computers. The introduction of smaller, faster and more cost-effective microprocessors has made it possible for tasks which formerly could only be performed by mainframe computers to be carried out at the personal workstation level, allowing a greater devolution of DATA PROCESSING down to the ‘desk top’.
- a term for policies aimed at organizational contraction, usually leading to REDUNDANCY for some employees. The oft-stated rationale for downsizing is that a smaller, more flexible ORGANIZATION will be able to respond better to market forces. Cost reduction, however, is probably an equally important motive. See DELAYERING, RIGHTSIZING.
Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson
downsizinga term used to describe the contraction of a firm's operations to make it ‘leaner and fitter’. The general aim of downsizing is to reduce costs and, by creating a smaller, more flexible organization, make the firm better able to respond quickly to changes in its markets. Downsizing frequently occurs during periods of falling demand or intense competition, and it often involves redundancies or earlier retirements among the workforce. Downsizing may also result from productivity improvements associated with technological changes that enable firms to produce the same or greater outputs with fewer employees.
Collins Dictionary of Economics, 4th ed. © C. Pass, B. Lowes, L. Davies 2005