After controlling for industry, they found that Fortune 100 Companies that downsized
did not differ financially from those that did not--one and two years before the layoffs were implemented.
Other laws--such as The Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act of 1988--may require special notification to employees who are being downsized
companies often mistakenly measure innovation and its associated risk by measuring inputs, including R&D budgets as well as the number of people employed to find and develop innovations.
organizations do not have lower overhead, less bureaucracy, smoother communications, faster decision making, and increased productivity.
A firm that downsized
and signaled a willingness to break with long-held implicit c ontracts of permanent employment was perceived to be a "bad company" (in the words of a government official that we interviewed) that had neglected its social responsibilities.
managers have had a relatively easier time getting rehired than other workers.
Thus, importing may become an even more important function than before the firm downsized
The average percentage of firms by industry that downsized
more than 5 percent of their work-forces across the 15-year period of the study was: manufacturing (25%), retail (17%), and service (15%).
Second, it hopes to advance the field of downsizing and upper echelons theory by investigating the effects of top management team changes on performance in downsized
In the hospitals that downsized
, five VPs reported that they had closed three units, one VP had closed five units, and two had closed one unit.
However, our experience has been that most standard machines, even with a downsized
barrel, are ultimately more limited by injection speed than by pressure.
This study investigates the real impacts of IS downsizing on the IS department as perceived by IS managers of those companies whose IS had been downsized