hypothesis

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hypothesis

a prediction derived from theoretical analysis that is couched in a form precise enough to be subjected to testing against empirical data. In economics, hypotheses are generated by a process of logical deduction from sets of initial assumptions about the behaviour of consumers, producers, etc., and are generally tested by collecting economic data and using statistical techniques to analyse them. This testing can lead to modification of the economic theory in the light of the new economic data or to abandonment of that theory in favour of an alternative theory that better explains the facts. See HYPOTHESIS TESTING.
Collins Dictionary of Economics, 4th ed. © C. Pass, B. Lowes, L. Davies 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Data analysis in Table 5 shows that the P = 0.001 < 0.05, so the null hypothesis is rejected, but the directional hypothesis is not rejected.
The results of these comparisons were surprisingly non-significant, and the authors wrote: "We would like to point out that all effects ate contrary to the directional hypothesis and that the right hand performance was always characterized by a better performance (higher degree of evenness)." (4)
No directional hypothesis was stated since there were opposing angles to take as to how CPAs might gain.

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