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direct taxa TAX imposed by the government on the income and wealth of persons and businesses in order to raise revenue, redistribute income and wealth, and as an instrument of FISCAL POLICY in managing the economy. The main forms of direct tax in the UK are INCOME TAX, CORPORATION TAX, NATIONAL INSURANCE CONTRIBUTIONS and INHERITANCE TAX. See BUDGET (GOVERNMENT).
direct taxa TAX levied by the government on the income and wealth received by individuals (households) and businesses in order to raise revenue and as an instrument of FISCAL POLICY. Examples of a direct tax are INCOME TAX, NATIONAL INSURANCE CONTRIBUTIONS, CORPORATION TAX and WEALTH TAX.
Direct taxes are incurred on income received, unlike indirect taxes, such as value-added taxes, that are incurred when income is spent Direct taxes are progressive, insofar as the amount paid varies according to the income and wealth of the taxpayer. By contrast, INDIRECT TAX is regressive, insofar as the same amount is paid by each tax-paying consumer regardless of his or her income. See TAXATION, PROGRESSIVE TAXATION, REGRESSIVE TAXATION.