design

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design

the process of translating a product idea into a product which can be produced and marketed on a commercial basis. Though design is a creative process it has economic consequences insofar as a product's shape, configuration and performance affect its marketability and its cost of production. In order to achieve high product variety without involving an excessive variety of components, designers often use common, interchangeable parts and design products on a modular basis.

In order to remain competitive, firms need continuously to review the design of their products in the light of new developments in materials and processes. The technique of VALUE ANALYSIS is used to identify possible sources of cost savings without impairing a product's performance. See COMPUTER-AIDED DESIGN, NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT.

References in periodicals archive ?
Company magazines like Access, published by Northern Telecom Inc., and JD Journal, published by Deere and Company, excelled in these areas, but they were also well designed.
BMW designs and manufactures its F1 engines in Munich near its Research and Innovation Center already and, says Theissen, "has massive resources that we benefit from directly." This includes creation of an in-house engine management system designed by the same engineers that created the units for the M3 and M5 models.
This engine cylinder block and head are the third in the Vortex engine series to be designed specifically for lost foam casting (16 and 15 were the first two).
Using a product that is designed to meet the specific needs of this population may be initially more expensive, but when viewed over 10 years is less costly than vinyl composition tile, with replacement costs occurring every 10 to 12 years rather than every 2 to 3 years.
She also designed a shower unit and a recessed area for the toilet.
So, for example, rather than relying on conventional air conditioning, the Sandra Day O'Connor Courthouse in Phoenix, designed by Richard Meier & Partners, is enveloped by an atrium that utilizes a sophisticated passive environmental system to cool the building.
* This 36 x 11 x 24-in, casting was originally designed as a machined weldment.
That need hasn't arisen - the building has been occupied for nearly a year and a half, and it remains as originally designed.
The Steven Holl Architects designed, Central Wing at Pratt Institute in Brooklyn, with lighting by Arc Light Design and Rogers Marvel as architect of record, will receive a Lumen Award of Merit with Distinction for Civic Service.
The introduction of non-parametric geometries now allows features to be designed in a CAD environment with no associative history or permanent link to the original model.
Examples of components designed with ribs are shown in Fig.