demographic transition


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Fig. 42 Demographic transition. The levelling-off of the rate of population growth during a country's economic development.

demographic transition

a POPULATION cycle that is associated with the ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT of a country. In underdeveloped countries (i.e. subsistence agrarian economies), BIRTH RATES and DEATH RATES are both high, so there is very little change in the overall size of the population. With economic development (i.e. INDUSTRIALIZATION), INCOME PER HEAD begins to rise and there is a fall in the DEATH RATE (through better nutrition, sanitation, medical care, etc.), which brings about a period of rapid population growth. Provided ECONOMIC GROWTH is consistently greater than the increase in population, income per head continues to expand and eventually serves to reduce the BIRTH RATE (small families become the ‘norm’ in society as people seek to preserve their growing affluence). At this point, population growth slows down and may eventually level off.

Most advanced industrial countries have gone through a demographic transition of the kind described above and are today characterized by both low birth and death rates and slow-growing populations. See POPULATION TRAP, DEVELOPING COUNTRY.

References in periodicals archive ?
Further, Neda said demographic transition has three phases.
The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) released a new report on the state of the world's population 2018 entitled 'The Power of Choice - Reproductive Rights and the Demographic Transition' at a joint press conference with the Ministry of Social Development at the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) Sub-regional Office for the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC).
Latin America has undergone a remarkably similar demographic transition but has not experienced the same boost in savings rates as Asia.
LAGGING BEHINDAccelerating the demographic transition to reduce population growth will require education, especially of women, and widely available reproductive health services.Second, investing in people promotes their individual development and gives them ability to escape poverty.
Others address the individual and society, with articles on skin color and colorism and the development of transgender studies in sociology; demography, including the second demographic transition theory, and social structure, adversity, toxic stress, and intergenerational poverty; urban and rural community sociology, including race, crime, and justice, and competing approaches to gentrification and growing income inequality; and the social safety net after welfare reform in terms of household dynamics.
The CRR notes that “the demographic transition is largely responsible for Social Security’s long-term financing shortfall.
Keywords: Epidemiological transition, demographic transition, modernization, mortality data, Turkey
A number of African countries have entered or are in the process of entering this advanced phase of demographic transition. This represents a unique window of opportunity, allowing others to achieve economic and social development that is comparable with that of the Asian Tigers.
Meanwhile, experts said, though the prevalence of HIV/Aids is low in the country, Bangladesh is still at high risk of the deadly disease spreading due to its demographic transition
This, as a policy brief released by the National Economic and Development Authority (Neda) and the United Nations Population Fund showed that because fertility rates in the country dropped at a slower pace than most of its Asian neighbors and resulted in a relatively high population growth rate, the country failed to achieve a 'demographic transition' in the past decade that would have led to faster economic growth.
Depending on the circumstances, this means that countries need to spark their demographic transition, accelerate job creation, sustain productivity growth and adapt to aging.
The United States is in the midst of a demographic transition toward a population age structure with a higher fraction of elderly individuals.