demography

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demography

the analysis of human POPULATIONS according to their total size, birth rates, death rates and migration; the age and sex distribution of populations and their geographical and occupational distributions; racial and religious profiles, etc.

Firms need to monitor changes in the demographic environment because these changes can have a significant impact on the demand for particular CONSUMER GOODS and SERVICES. For instance, the increase in the proportions of elderly citizens in the total population in most industrialized countries over recent decades has created new market opportunities for companies in such areas as health care and leisure products; while declining birth rates have reduced the demand for children's clothing and toys. See SOCIOECONOMIC GROUP.

demography

the study of human POPULATIONS, including their total size, population changes over time as determined by changes in BIRTH RATES, DEATH RATES and MIGRATION; the age and sex distribution of populations and their geographical and occupational distributions. Statistical data on populations is compiled from CENSUSES of population and records of births, See DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION.

demography

A study of the characteristics of people living in an area.

References in periodicals archive ?
It also is likely that the next round of maps, whether drawn by a demographer or by the bipartisan commissions, will face a legal challenge in which the new constitutional requirements will be put to the test.
Indian demographers also scotched the suggestion their country had already overtaken China.
According to social demographers, a "culture of expectation" had already drowned Australia's "can-do" attitude.
Decades later, the demographer had a brush with modern- day royalty when he was invited by the beautiful Imelda Marcos to attend a conference in Manila.
Jay Oishansky, a demographer with the School of Public Health at the University of Illinois at Chicago, warned that obesity in the United States could cause shorter lifespans for the first time in more than a century.
But demographers assert that, with family sizes falling, the use of ultrasound or amniocentesis to determine the sex of fetuses and abort unwanted ones has grown more rapidly.
According to the study's author, University of Southern California demographer Dowell Myers, "proponents of the negative story of the immigrant future have ignored this recent leveling and decline.
William Frey is a well-known demographer and a Senior Fellow at the Brookings Institution.
"No scientific study is ever cited for these percentages, and a demographer cannot help harbouring doubts about their validity."
Nicholas Eberstadt, of the American Enterprise Institute in Washington DC, a leading demographer, has spoken at a UN conference warning that sex selection abortion is leading to a worldwide imbalance in gender.
Demographer Carl Haub of the Population Reference Bureau points out that some of the poorest Indian states, including Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, have the population of medium-sized countries and are likely to get much bigger.