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A situation in which a company sells one or more of its subsidiaries. Shareholders in the original company are usually given the same proportion of shares in the newly independent company. See also: Spin-off, Divestiture.
Farlex Financial Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All Rights Reserved


the break-up of a company, often originally formed through a MERGER, into two (or more) separate companies. This is most easily achieved when the original businesses comprising the merger have continued to be run as separate divisions of the enlarged group. In this case, for example, the A-B company could be split into separate quoted companies, A and B, with the company's existing shareholders being given shares in both companies. Thus, unlike a DIVESTMENT (the sale of a division to outside interests) or a MANAGEMENT BUY-OUT (the sale of a division to its existing management), initially at least the companies continue to be owned by their existing shareholders.

A demerger may occur because the merged company has failed to perform up to expectations because of internal conflicts of management, or may result from a rethink of the company's BUSINESS STRATEGY favouring a concentration on ‘core’ businesses.

Collins Dictionary of Economics, 4th ed. © C. Pass, B. Lowes, L. Davies 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Tax experts buy Idea's argument, and say using the provisions of the General Anti-Avoidance Rules (GAAR) on court-approved demergers will set a wrong precedent.
Idea Cellular has been issued a tax demand order of Rs1,500 crore on business income arising out of the transfer of telecom licences and other assets from Aditya Birla Telecom as part of the demerger, while ABTL, which is a subsidiary of Idea Cellular, has been served with a tax demand of Rs2,400 crore.
But the researchers found demergers in TMT and manufacturing outperform other groups.
The demergers have also significantly weakened anglophone influence in the executive committee, and for all intents and purposes the West Island is no longer a player in Montreal affairs.
For these businesses, demergers can lead to more options in terms of sales to trade buyers, management buyouts or a public flotation for at least one of the businesses involved.
This can probably be applied to all large-scale change in organizations including demergers and will have an impact on the psychological contract between the employee and the employer.
She went on: 'Demergers can involve splitting trading businesses from other businesses like property investment, which can mean lower capital gains tax and inheritance tax bills in the future.'
But the group, which revealed one-off costs mostly relating to the demerger process totalled a bigger-than-expected pounds 526 million, said it was now better placed to succeed as it focuses on the DIY and electrical markets.
Tarmac has sold the company helicopter and is on the verge of selling its plush country house headquarters after amassing a staggering pounds 28.4 million demerger bill.
Inchcape is to become purely a motors company as part of a three-way demerger of existing core businesses unveiled yesterday.