decision tree

(redirected from decision)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to decision: decision maker

Decision tree

Schematic way of representing alternative sequential decisions and the possible outcomes from these decisions.
Copyright © 2012, Campbell R. Harvey. All Rights Reserved.

Decision Tree

In risk analysis, a diagram of decisions and their potential consequences. It is used to help determine the most straightforward (and cheapest) way to arrive at a stated goal. It is represented by potential decisions (drawn as squares), branching off into different proximate consequences (drawn as circles), and potential end results (drawn as triangles).
Farlex Financial Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Fig.32 Decision tree. The businessman has two options: to open a new factory to boost production capacity or not to open a new factory; and he has to consider two states of nature or events which can occur economic boom or recession. The businessman must assess the likelihood of each of these events occurring and, in this case, based on his knowledge and experience, he estimates that there is a one-in-two chance of a boom and a 0.5 probability of a recession. Finally, the businessman estimates the financial consequences as an £80,000 profit for the new factory if there is a boom, and a £30,000 loss if there is a recession.click for a larger image
Fig.32 Decision tree. The businessman has two options: to open a new factory to boost production capacity or not to open a new factory; and he has to consider two states of nature or events which can occur economic boom or recession. The businessman must assess the likelihood of each of these events occurring and, in this case, based on his knowledge and experience, he estimates that there is a one-in-two chance of a boom and a 0.5 probability of a recession. Finally, the businessman estimates the financial consequences as an £80,000 profit for the new factory if there is a boom, and a £30,000 loss if there is a recession.

decision tree

an aid to decision-making in uncertain conditions, that sets out alternative courses of action and the financial consequences of each alternative, and assigns subjective probabilities to the likelihood of future events occurring. For, example, a firm thinking of opening a new factory the success of which will depend upon consumer spending (and thus the state of the economy) would have a decision tree like Fig. 32.

In order to make a decision, the manager needs a decision criterion to enable him to choose which he regards as the best of the alternatives and, since these choices involve an element of risk, we therefore need to know something about his attitudes to risk. If the manager were neutral in his attitude to risk then we could calculate the certainty equivalent of the ‘open factory’ alternative using the expected money value criterion, which takes the financial consequence of each outcome and weights it by the probability of its occurrence, thus:

which being greater than the £0 for certain of not opening the factory would justify going ahead with the factory project.

However, if the manager were averse to risk then he might not regard the expected money value criterion as being appropriate, for he might require a risk premium to induce him to take the risk. Application of a more cautious certainty equivalent criterion would reduce the certainty equivalent of the ‘open factory’ branch and might even tip the decision against going ahead on the grounds of the ‘downside risk’ of losing £30,000.See UNCERTAINTY AND RISK.

Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson

decision tree

a graphical representation of the decision-making process in relation to a particular economic decision. The decision tree illustrates the possibilities open to the decision-maker in choosing between alternative strategies. It is possible to specify the financial consequence of each ‘branch’ of the decision tree and to gauge the PROBABILITY of particular events occurring that might affect the consequences of the decisions made. See RISK AND UNCERTAINTY.
Collins Dictionary of Economics, 4th ed. © C. Pass, B. Lowes, L. Davies 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Interpreting and applying career decision making models; Comment on Carson and Mowesian.
However, as one becomes increasingly infirm or incapacitated, values about autonomy frequently attenuate, and more complexities are introduced as proxy decision makers become involved.
Specifically, we reviewed all the existing published studies that focused on the educational requirements for tenure; promotion and tenure rate; the role of scholarship in tenure decisions; teaching and service roles in tenure decisions; role of clinical practice in tenure decisions; and tenure innovations.
Let us focus on making more important decisions, such as career choices, buying a house or car, investing your life savings and major business matters.
"In order to manage the complexity of decisioning, it's important to have an application that can orchestrate the key components of a decision in an intuitive interface," said Sean Naismith, Head of Analytics Services at Enova Decisions.
Prof Olivier Sibony, who worked as a management consultant for 25 years before joining HEC Paris, says he never encountered decision theory in those 25 years, either in words or practice, the exception being within a minority of financial institutions.
An ideal decision environment would include all the information, and every possible alternative.
Dependent variables are decision making self-esteem and decision making styles.
Many surveys have shown that an overwhelming majority of professionals indicate that they rely on "common-sense and gut-feel" interpretation of data and subsequent decision making.
Processes used at South Seattle Community College and Daytona Beach Community College produce a sense of ownership by faculty and staff of institutional decisions on resource allocation.