decentralization


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decentralization

the relocation of managerial AUTHORITY and RESPONSIBILITY to a lower level in the ORGANIZATION. A restructuring of a FUNCTIONAL STRUCTURE to a PRODUCT-BASED STRUCTURE will generally involve some degree of decentralization, especially regarding operational (but not strategic) matters. DELAYERING often involves decentralization from middle management to LINE MANAGERS. See CENTRALIZATION, ORGANIZATIONAL ANALYSIS.

decentralization

the diffusion of economic decision-making to many different decision-makers rather than concentrating such decision-making centrally. In an economy this is achieved by the adoption of the PRICE SYSTEM, which devolves decisions to individual consumers and suppliers. In a firm, decentralization involves delegating authority to make decisions ‘down the line’ to particular divisions and departments. See PRIVATE ENTERPRISE ECONOMY, MFORM ORGANIZATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
Members of the delegation presented their tasks, pointing out that Norway has adopted the decentralization in 1864, as it has a long tradition in this field.
They explained that among tasks of Norwegian decentralization councils are waste management, preservation of agricultural areas, water resources, city planning, building schools and child care through specialized nurseries.
In this way, we obtained a result for the analyzed countries (European Union member states) in the form of determinable levels of fiscal decentralization, whereby CIFD's indicators alone point to higher or lower levels of fiscal decentralization system compliance with the selected fundamental principles of the ECLSG.
Overview of theoretical baselines and comparisons of fiscal decentralization systems
The group had a two-day seminar at the University of the Philippines prior to their visit in Bulacan, and will head to Taal, Batangas and Quezon City Hall and some barangays to expose themselves more on the benefits and ways of decentralization before heading home on Saturday.
DECENTRALIZATION IN BULACAN--Board Member Enrique Dela Cruz presents the exercise of legislative powers of the Provincial Government of Bulacan to the delegates from the Ministry of Home and Cultural Affairs of the Kingdom of Bhutan during the Learning Visit on Decentralization in the Philippines of the latter held at Balagtas Hall, Hiyas ng Bulacan Convention Center, City of Malolos, Bulacan last Thursday.
The rest of the paper is as follows: the next section provides the background on the decentralization and infrastructure literatures.
According to the relevant literature, fiscal decentralization might be determined by several variables.
M-form: how to understand decision autonomy under healthcare decentralization? Comment on "Decentralisation of health services in Fiji: a decision space analysis." Int J Health Policy Manag.
While the essence of the word decentralization remains the same; decentralization as a process has been interpreted and implemented in various forms and to various degrees around the world.
It is brought to life by examining debates over the promise, design, cost, application, and evaluation of decentralization. What results is really the most comprehensive documentation to date of the creation of a new territorial government in Canada's eastern Arctic.
In the 1990s, a wave of decentralization spread across the world with almost every sizeable country devolving some sort of responsibilities to sub-national units (Rodden 2006).

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