decentralization

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decentralization

the relocation of managerial AUTHORITY and RESPONSIBILITY to a lower level in the ORGANIZATION. A restructuring of a FUNCTIONAL STRUCTURE to a PRODUCT-BASED STRUCTURE will generally involve some degree of decentralization, especially regarding operational (but not strategic) matters. DELAYERING often involves decentralization from middle management to LINE MANAGERS. See CENTRALIZATION, ORGANIZATIONAL ANALYSIS.

decentralization

the diffusion of economic decision-making to many different decision-makers rather than concentrating such decision-making centrally. In an economy this is achieved by the adoption of the PRICE SYSTEM, which devolves decisions to individual consumers and suppliers. In a firm, decentralization involves delegating authority to make decisions ‘down the line’ to particular divisions and departments. See PRIVATE ENTERPRISE ECONOMY, MFORM ORGANIZATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
Where GDPg is the per capita output growth rate, [tau] is the tax rate, FD is the measure of fiscal decentralisation, INS represents democratic institutions, X is the vector of control variables, [epsilon] is the disturbance term that is assumed to be serially uncorrelated and orthogonal to the explanatory variables and t (=1,2 .
He said, in order for the government to be able to meet the objectives of decentralisation in Namibia, services that have a direct impact on the daily lives of people must be transferred to sub-national government structures.
In Fiji, there are potential benefits to be gained from horizontal decentralisation in the area of intra-divisional relationships.
Rondinelli and Cheema (1983) believe that decentralisation reforms are essential for flexible, innovative and creative administration, political stability and national unity as local governments can overcome the limitations of central control.
Second Generation Fiscal Federalism: Political Aspects of Decentralisation and Economic Development".
These results show there is still work to do to communicate what decentralisation means for citizens.
Fiscal decentralisation (FD) is considered an effective strategy to promote economic growth through controlling inflation [Martinez-Vazquez and McNab (2003)].
The current decentralised health system was introduced under a new Decentralisation Act in 1994 which was intended to be patient-driven, bottom-up, flexible, close to customers and to provide effective management to achieve the goals of the Ministry of Health (MOH).
Chairperson of the decentralisation committee, Tjiuai Kaambo said the purpose of the workshop was to provide a thorough overview on the steps involved in decentralisation and activities to be performed in preparing regional staff for the delegation process.
The first Decentralisation and Local Development Programme (MAM) included 17 work plans that were carried out by the program's national team in cooperation with international experts and local work teams, providing a foundation for sustainable development plans that will be carried out via MAM II.
One of the most widely used and abused concepts in public administration is decentralisation.
The concepts of centralisation and decentralisation have been the hot topics of discussion among management academicians as well as practicing managers.