decentralization

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Related to decentralisation: decentralization

decentralization

the relocation of managerial AUTHORITY and RESPONSIBILITY to a lower level in the ORGANIZATION. A restructuring of a FUNCTIONAL STRUCTURE to a PRODUCT-BASED STRUCTURE will generally involve some degree of decentralization, especially regarding operational (but not strategic) matters. DELAYERING often involves decentralization from middle management to LINE MANAGERS. See CENTRALIZATION, ORGANIZATIONAL ANALYSIS.

decentralization

the diffusion of economic decision-making to many different decision-makers rather than concentrating such decision-making centrally. In an economy this is achieved by the adoption of the PRICE SYSTEM, which devolves decisions to individual consumers and suppliers. In a firm, decentralization involves delegating authority to make decisions ‘down the line’ to particular divisions and departments. See PRIVATE ENTERPRISE ECONOMY, MFORM ORGANIZATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
Le coordinateur de cette manifestation, Hedi Sellami, a precise que les participants dans les six ateliers de la 32eme session des journees de l'entreprise qui se poursuivront jusqu'a samedi, debateront des themes relatifs a la gouvernance locale et regionale, le climat d'affaires et la decentralisation, l'integrite et les relations avec les politiciens, l'impact de la decentralisation sur la charge fiscale, et la decentralisation et le dialogue social.
In Fiji, there are potential benefits to be gained from horizontal decentralisation in the area of intra-divisional relationships.
Rondinelli and Cheema (1983) believe that decentralisation reforms are essential for flexible, innovative and creative administration, political stability and national unity as local governments can overcome the limitations of central control.
Second Generation Fiscal Federalism: Political Aspects of Decentralisation and Economic Development".
Decentralisation offers the opportunity for local players to take a joined-up approach to public service reform, redesigning services around the citizen.
The theorem of decentralisation (1) implicitly assumes that the positive contribution of FD is linked with the inclusive institutions that ensure accountability and transparency of governments and public officials [Oates (1993)].
The current decentralised health system was introduced under a new Decentralisation Act in 1994 which was intended to be patient-driven, bottom-up, flexible, close to customers and to provide effective management to achieve the goals of the Ministry of Health (MOH).
Chairperson of the decentralisation committee, Tjiuai Kaambo said the purpose of the workshop was to provide a thorough overview on the steps involved in decentralisation and activities to be performed in preparing regional staff for the delegation process.
The sub-title of the book suggests a primary emphasis on the fiscal aspect of decentralisation.
The concepts of centralisation and decentralisation are not paradoxical entities; therefore, the question never arises of choosing either centralisation or decentralisation.
Decentralisation has been a principle of the Brazilian Health System since the 1980s and is advocated as a strategy for leprosy control.
2008) Fiscal decentralisation indices: A comparison of two approaches.