de facto

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Related to de facto segregation: de jure, de jure segregation

De facto

Existing in actual fact although not by official recognition.

De Facto

Existing in fact, but not by legal standard. In business, one occasionally makes reference to "de facto" monopolies in situations where alternatives to a certain brand may exist, but the brand has such a large market share that the alternatives may as well not exist. Likewise, some analysts of the 2008 recession have discussed the "de facto" nationalization of the banking industry, in which some governments, notably the British, bought some banks outright and implicitly guaranteed the existence of all other banks.

de facto

In fact, in actuality, as things are really done. The phrase is used to express a state of affairs or condition that might not be technically legal, but which has the same effect as the legal condition. Here are two examples:
• When an apartment complex allowed the power to be disconnected for nonpayment and failed to secure a reconnection, it amounted to a de facto eviction of all the tenants (also called a constructive eviction).
• The IRS has ruled that a long-term lease of property with the right to purchase for $1 at the
     end of the term is not a true lease, but a de facto installment sale.

References in periodicals archive ?
Bradley found no constitutional violation when de facto segregation resulted from the private choices of individuals to live in one part of a metropolitan area rather than another.
Unfortunately decades later, considering the state of many Black students in the American education system, the influx of de facto segregation (Orfield, 2009) alongside disparaging "achievement and opportunity gaps" (Ingersoll, 2004; Jacob, 2007), it is evident that the fight for equity and social justice in American public schools has not yet been achieved.
In Part II, I explore how the Court has sometimes used de facto segregation as evidence of de jure discrimination in school districts that had been (but were no longer) segregated by law.
Many districts, however, choose to engage in integrative policies because de facto segregation still exists among their students.
I think it is time to state that there is no constitutional difference between de jure and de facto segregation, for each is the product of state actions or policies.
These schools are sometimes defended as purely voluntary and open to all students--though their purpose and de facto segregation is undeniable.
While he appeared to accept the ending of de jure (legally imposed) segregation as required by Brown, he was evasive over de facto segregation (as a by-product of residential segregation).
Or to put it more accurately, Williams enables the players in this important history to narrate their tale and in so doing they tell a story that reaches back to the Great Depression era of de jure segregation and spans the postwar decades of increasing de facto segregation.
The academy noted the impact of Stone's editorials on unequal funding for urban and suburban school districts and de facto segregation in Connecticut.
The women's life stories revealed the effects that poorly funded schools, de facto segregation, teen childbearing, inadequate health care, cultural norms for work expectations, and a declining industrial base in the region may have on creating and maintaining disparities.
Board of Education, de facto segregation thrives in America.