This ratio recognizes that successful firms do not liquidate their current assets to pay their current liabilities, but instead use operating cash flow for that purpose.
Operating cash and average current liabilities are from Table 1.
Replace current ratio with: Current period ratio = current assets (including CPFA) / current liabilities (including CPLTD).
The "short-term cycle" only includes current assets and current liabilities that financed them and are repaid by them.
The current assets will then be $500,000 and the current liabilities
will be $250,000 resulting in a current ratio of 2:1.
Thus, we have replaced current liabilities with current assets as the amount of self-liquidating debt.
The concept brings out the ability of the firm to readily repay not only the current liabilities, but even part of term liabilities, to the extent that it can reduce its current asset carriage.