exposure

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Risk

The uncertainty associated with any investment. That is, risk is the possibility that the actual return on an investment will be different from its expected return. A vitally important concept in finance is the idea that an investment that carries a higher risk has the potential of a higher return. For example, a zero-risk investment, such as a U.S. Treasury security, has a low rate of return, while a stock in a start-up has the potential to make an investor very wealthy, but also the potential to lose one's entire investment. Certain types of risk are easier to quantify than others. To the extent that risk is quantifiable, it is generally calculated as the standard deviation on an investment's average return.

exposure

see EXCHANGE RATE EXPOSURE.

exposure

(1) In finance,the amount that one may lose in an investment;the potential loss,which could be the capital invested plus any personal liability on loans in excess of the value of the property securing the loans. (2) In the market, the process of making a property known to the marketplace as available for sale or lease.(3) Physically, the direction of an improvement;for example,“The southern exposure of the house had all the best views.”

References in periodicals archive ?
The median cumulative exposure level and duration of exposure in exposed workers was 59 mg/[m.sup.3]-years (75th percentile: 136 mg/[m.sup.3]-years; 95th percentile: 491 mg/[m.sup.3]-years) and 17 years, respectively.
In contrast, 86% of 206 patients in the lowest-risk group (low cumulative exposure to PSA and low Gleason score) were alive at 5 years, and 42% were alive at 15 years.
In a review of 481 patients seen from 1983 to 2004 at a single center, risk groups defined by low or high cumulative exposure to PSA (lower or higher than 60 ng/mL) and low or high Gleason score (57 or 8-10) were significantly associated with the duration between prostate cancer diagnosis and death or loss of follow-up.
We used the midpoint of the range of each exposure category as a specific estimate of the cumulative exposure for each RR.
We estimated associations with cumulative exposure to PFOA, which was calculated by summing estimated yearly serum concentrations during follow-up and modeled as a time-dependent variable in Cox regression.
"We should at least consider putting into place a system of prospectively documenting the imaging tests and procedures that each patient undergoes and estimating his or her cumulative exposure to low-dose ionizing radiation."
Cumulative exposure at 1, 3, and 6 months of age also was associated with language, speech, and general neurodevelopmental delays, Dr.
In his letter, Morfeld states that "an adjustment of cumulative exposure by total duration of employment should not be confused with an approach adjusting for the healthy worker survivor bias." However, our assessment (Garshick et al.
Women exposed to moderate to high levels for a combination of years and intensity of exposure had a significant dose response so that the risks for developing breast cancer increased as the cumulative exposure levels increased, according to Reynolds.
CONCLUSIONS: Lung cancer mortality in trucking industry workers increased in association with cumulative exposure to EC after adjusting for negative confounding by employment duration.
The findings revealed that cumulative exposure to respirable coalmine dust was a highly significant predictor of emphysema severity after accounting for cigarette smoking, age at death, and race.
Pleural abnormalities also were more strongly associated with cumulative exposure estimated to have been acquired over many years than with higher intermittent peak exposures.

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