cultural distance

cultural distance

the degree to which norms and values or working methods between companies and consumer preferences differ between countries because of differences in their national characteristics.
References in periodicals archive ?
Depending on the type of difference studied, prior research has suggested various types of distance, although cultural distance, i.e., the extent to which countries differ in cultural values, remains the most widely used type of distance in international business (Beugelsdijk et al.
In sections on witnessing, barriers and challenges, and responding, chapters consider such topics as bearing witness: the burden of individual responsibility and the rule of law, the de-integration of young Syrian activists in Paris, the legacies of race and post-colonialism: taking responsibility for migration, less human than us: dehumanization as a psychological barrier to the integration of migrants, the role of trauma and cultural distance in refugee integration, why volunteers should be activists: towards an ethics of ground relationships, and cyberhate against academics.
* Cultural distance: the more different the host country's culture is, the more different the operational business practices, personnel management practices, etc.
They saw BII as a framework for organizing the different meanings and experiences associated with being bicultural, and consequently developed the Bicultural Identity Integration Scale-Version 1 (BIIS-1), which includes two components: cultural distance, defined as the perception that the two cultures of an individual are nonoverlapping, dissociated, and distant from one another, and cultural conflict, defined as the perception that mainstream cultures clash with one another (Benet-Martinez & Haritatos, 2005).
Employing Hosftede's cultural distance approach across countries, much research has been conducted on the international marketing strategies of firms who intend to expand their operations (Azar & Drogendijk, 2016; Samaha, et al., 2014; Blocker & Flint, 2007).
Cultural distance can be defined by the difference in language, interpretation and corporate culture (Ghemawat & Mallick, 2003).
the area of former Yugoslavia), which is fairly close geographically and with modest cultural distance. Encouraged by regional success, a company will probably consider entering markets outside the region.
However, authors such as Andrade Suarez (2011) and McCartney (2008) showed that cultural distance is not a consequence of geographical distance, as within the same geographical area, culturally distinct individuals can also be found who, therefore, have a different image of the tourist destination.
There is a lack of empathy and a cultural distance. It pains me to acknowledge that the Republicans have done a better job appealing to the white working class than Democrats have.
Their study found that national cultural distance had a greater impact on social effectiveness of international joint ventures than organizational culture.
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