The Holy Bull and Crusado
of Rome (London, 1588), cited in Hillgarth, The Mirror of Spain, 384.
Two Edmonton newspaper columnists wrote about Charns' antiwar crusado
8), faced this situation and of necessity devalued the real from its previous worth of three maravedis to one, and reduced the crusado
to two tornados, a third of its previous value.
In 1588, John Wolfe had printed in London The Holy Bul and Crusado
of Rome: first published by the Holy Father Gregory the XIII, and afterwards renewed and ratified by Sixtus the fift: for all those which desire full pardon and indulgence of their sins, and that for little money, and Cardinal William Allen had printed in Antwerp A Declaration of the sentence and deposition of Elizabeth, the usurper and pretensed Queen of England.
(The difference between the heathens of Madagascar and the pagans of Russia seems to be that the pagans are actively engaged in idol worship.) Defoe returns to this theme in Serious Reflections, in which he has Crusoe propose a bloody "crusado
" against the Muslims and Chinese (who administer "the kingdom of the devil") "for Gospel labourers to enter upon the harvest" (240).
The recently-devised "summer plan," the third plan in four years, introduced the new Crusado
by eliminating three zeros from the old currency.