Baterson and Hui (1982) argue that the perception of crowding can influence emotion, causing consumer exhaustion.
The retail environment and the perception of crowding have been the subject of academic research, but, as highlighted, few studies have addressed consumer responses under negative emotions.
Dental crowding is one of the most prevalent of orthodontic conditions, frequently causing mal-positioned teeth for which patients seek orthodontic treatment.
Dental crowding has been shown by some studies as being prevalent in as much as 57% of the population.6
Clinical and orthopantomogram findings were very suggestive of erupting third molars having a definitive role in causing anterior crowding. Al- though this is a single case but we cannot ignore the finding of these clinical implications.
effeCt of the loweR thiRd molARS oN the loweR deNtAl ARCh CRowdiNG. StomAtoloGijA, bAltiC deNtAl ANd mAxillofACiAl jouRNAl 2006; 8:80-84.
Womack): This 34 year old female's chief concern was that she had "upper and lower crowding
The researchers set out to test a widely held belief that there are cross-cultural differences in tolerance of crowding
. They conducted in-depth interviews with 464 U.S.
The results suggest that crowding
is more likely to be due to smaller arch widths in males whereas in females both small arch width and large teeth are to be blamed.
Hyper-divergent cases showed the highest percentage of Lower Incisor crowding
(92.6%) followed by Normo and Hypo-divergent profiles.
In Group I, 40.2% of the children had crowding
in the maxillary arch, 62.3 % in the mandibular arch; and 30.9% of the children had crowding
in both maxillary and mandibular arches.
Key words: Arch width, Arch length, Dental crowding
, Gender dimorphism