, nor any other commanding officer, shall censure,
to prescribe the punishments which a court-martial
may impose within the
was later adjourned until April 6, two days before a parliamentary general election in which Fonseka is a candidate.
While endemic racism in the Union army tainted the disciplinary process on other levels, the records reveal that officers on general court-martial
panels wrestled with providing fair judicial process to black defendants while maintaining discipline so that African American soldiers received equal treatment and justice in cases involving capital-level crimes.
A special court-martial
, with maximum punishment of confinement for a year, is less severe than a general court-martial
, which handles the most serious offenses, but tougher than a summary court martial, where maximum punishment is 30 days confinement.
This has affected both the established court-martial
system and military commissions (14)--an entirely distinct process from the court-martial
system with which our Court deals.
Jenkins will be tried in a hearing of the general court-martial
, the highest-level court among three kinds of courts-martial, Shima said.
Two other senior officers who were on duty are also expected to face court-martial
later this year.
proceedings, by way of contrast, death sentences can only be imposed by a unanimous vote.
''What the Japanese culture doesn't understand (is) had this gone to a court-martial
the rules of evidence are such that it more than likely would have resulted in an acquittal, and that would have further enraged the Japanese population,'' he said.
Instead, he was tried by court-martial
in 1991 and sentenced to two years' imprisonment.
The news came on March 4--the day before Saragosa's court-martial
was scheduled to begin.