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A subdivision of government in most American states. Most of the time, a county is a municipal level below the state government but above a city or township. Counties serve different purposes, depending on the state. In some states, they have courts and a sheriff's office. The chief prosecutor (district attorney) for an area is often employed at the county level. In Oklahoma and many other states, counties have jurisdiction over all land in their boundaries not otherwise incorporated into a city or other municipality. In some states like Maryland, counties have quite broad responsibilities, including the provision of public health services and education. On the other hand, counties have no authority in Rhode Island. In Louisiana, counties are called parishes. In Alaska, they are called boroughs. See also: ABCD Counties.


A political subdivision within a state. It is usually the largest government body within the state.In Louisiana,the equivalent is called a parish.

References in periodicals archive ?
But McCormack said the county has to pay the poll workers' salaries anyway.
County of rowels and boots, of soot wash, county of the chimney
The acknowledgment that county fraud is a growing problem follows a warning three years ago by the Citizen's Economy and Efficiency Commission about workers' compensation scams.
Take 25-year-old Luis Alicea, who last year moved to southwest suburban Joliet, in Will County, from Chicago's Humboldt Park neighborhood.
The consolidation plan will attempt to develop five county campuses to house most of the government here.
Although the first session of the county superior court met, appropriately, in a building that housed a cotton gin, subsequent courts were held in a modest wooden courthouse completed by 1844.
The county executive, the state's attorney, and the chairman of the county council are all black, as are 41 percent of the police officers, including the one who killed Prince Jones.
Goldsborough of the San Diego Union-Tribune has the lyrics down well: "Citron, I believe, happened to Orange County because of the funny philosophy up there that government is bad, that taxes that go for good government are worse.
Yaroslavsky will be termed out in 2014, but said he would be ``perfectly happy'' never being county mayor.
Westchester County vacancy rates, on the other hand, are expected to remain steady," Leeds said.
Management expects that the county legislature will provide political support for the property tax increases, given the level of consensus that exists regarding the efforts needed to close the out-years gaps in the MYP.
County officials on both sides are studying the proposal before submitting a formal petition to the Local Agency Formation Commission, which rules on municipal boundary changes in the county.