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A subdivision of government in most American states. Most of the time, a county is a municipal level below the state government but above a city or township. Counties serve different purposes, depending on the state. In some states, they have courts and a sheriff's office. The chief prosecutor (district attorney) for an area is often employed at the county level. In Oklahoma and many other states, counties have jurisdiction over all land in their boundaries not otherwise incorporated into a city or other municipality. In some states like Maryland, counties have quite broad responsibilities, including the provision of public health services and education. On the other hand, counties have no authority in Rhode Island. In Louisiana, counties are called parishes. In Alaska, they are called boroughs. See also: ABCD Counties.


A political subdivision within a state. It is usually the largest government body within the state.In Louisiana,the equivalent is called a parish.

References in periodicals archive ?
Rod Blagojevich, but Hickey maintained Ryan was ahead in the collar counties and "we want to maintain the lead we have there.
Found principally in the South, these 535 counties had 20 percent of their population with income below the poverty level in 1960, 1970, 1980, and 1990 (see Map 2).
Cox decried California's formula for awarding grants, saying it's unfair for small, rural counties like Alpine to be treated the same way as San Francisco or Los Angeles.
The financial positions of the underlying counties vary with fiscal 2005 general fund balances of 8% of expenditures and transfers out for Gratiot County, 23.
He said the CDC will study how to improve life expectancy in the counties with problems.
This decision will be very costly for the taxpayers of Ventura County and in the 19 other counties,'' said Jere Robings, president of the Ventura County Alliance of Taxpayers.
In fact, she said Santa Barbara and Los Angeles counties have benefited from Ventura County's emergency plan and network of volunteers.
Austin-based Hart InterCivic, a national government services company and industry leader in election management solutions, reports that its voting system commitments, in Texas counties alone, have topped $30 million so far this year.
The M-NCPPC is a state-created bi-county agency that administers a regional park, planning, and recreation system serving Prince George's and Montgomery counties.
Wealth levels, however, are quite low and comparable to other border counties.
Furthermore, demand for developable land is high as the county has consistently topped other counties in construction activity over the past decade.
Aetna continues to offer its Aetna Golden Medicare Plan in Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside and San Bernardino (which are partial counties), and also offers Medicare Advantage plans to California employer groups of all sizes in several California counties.