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A subdivision of government in most American states. Most of the time, a county is a municipal level below the state government but above a city or township. Counties serve different purposes, depending on the state. In some states, they have courts and a sheriff's office. The chief prosecutor (district attorney) for an area is often employed at the county level. In Oklahoma and many other states, counties have jurisdiction over all land in their boundaries not otherwise incorporated into a city or other municipality. In some states like Maryland, counties have quite broad responsibilities, including the provision of public health services and education. On the other hand, counties have no authority in Rhode Island. In Louisiana, counties are called parishes. In Alaska, they are called boroughs. See also: ABCD Counties.


A political subdivision within a state. It is usually the largest government body within the state.In Louisiana,the equivalent is called a parish.

References in periodicals archive ?
A shift of minorities has forced Democrats to pay attention to the collar counties in this election--a strategy that "wasn't as obvious four years ago," Poshard said.
This was so because cotton--the crop upon which those efforts depended--declined constantly in price as a result of the fact that hundreds of counties in the South had undertaken similar development campaigns.
Cushman & Wakefield anticipates that rents will continue to rise in both counties.
The quality of surveillance data varies among counties for several reasons (10, unpub.
8 percent growth in the metro population, and, individually, over half of all nonmetro counties lost population during the 1980s (Ghelfi & Parker, In press).
One of the few counties of any size, anywhere, to go for Goldwater.
Fulton/DeKalb counties at I-285 and GA 400 interchange
But state officials used an almost identical method to dole money to the state's 58 counties.
The rating also incorporates key credit concerns, including a high fixed-cost burden, borne by all counties in the state, and financial exposure related to the NHCC.
She said some counties in the state that have emulated Los Angeles County's program have had little success in recruiting their employees and are now paying them their salary and overtime for the 14-hour day.
However, Fitch still views the total tax rate as well above average for Texas counties.
The job picture, however, was not uniformly upbeat in all 58 California counties.