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In international commerce, a tariff placed on an import that is unusually low-priced. Dumping is the act of exporting a good to a foreign country to capitalize on the price difference. Dumping can result in a handsome profit for the exporter, but it can also damage the importing country's local economy. Thus, many countries attempt to counteract the practice by implementing anti-dumping duties.
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countervailing dutya TAX levied on an imported product (see IMPORTS) that raises the price in the domestic market as a means of counteracting ‘unfair’ trading practices by other countries. Countervailing duties are frequently employed against imported products that are deliberately ‘dumped’ (see DUMPING) or subsidized by EXPORT INCENTIVES. See TARIFF, IMPORT DUTY, BEGGAR MY NEIGHBOUR POLICY.
Collins Dictionary of Economics, 4th ed. © C. Pass, B. Lowes, L. Davies 2005