Bangladesh is facing economic loss of Taka 30,570 crore or 3.6 billion US dollars in a year due to use of tobacco, on Saturday said a study titled, 'Economic Cost of Tobacco Use in Bangladesh: A health cost approach
', reports BSS 'Bangladesh has been facing economic losses due to tobacco related illness and premature deaths...Only the financial loss is 30,570 crore or $ 3.6 billion US dollars annually that is 1.4 per cent of the national income (GDP) of the fiscal year 2007-18,' said the study.
The county's appraiser considered all three approaches to value--the sales comparison approach, the cost approach
, and the income approach--but he concluded the cost approach
was the most appropriate.
Despite that decision, the City continued to assign an improper value to the improvements.<br />Reed didn't value the Property in accordance with generally acceptable accounting principles because the development cost approach
was improper for this particular analysis.
Among their topics are revisiting Coase on anticipation and the cobweb model, Coasean bargaining to address environmental externalities, an entrepreneurial perspective on managerial authority in the Coasean firm, Coase and the transaction cost approach
to regulation, and the empirical accuracy and judicial use of the Coase Theorem.
The fundamental principle of the cost approach
is that a potential user of Property should not pay more for a property than it would cost to build an equivalent.
The ED suggests that fair value could be measured using either: 1) a market approach; 2) a cost approach
; or 3) an income approach.
The first is the "cost approach
," where you form your valuation based on the costs that go into creating something.
Generally, valuation of commercial real estate is based on one or a combination of the following three approaches: The market approach, the income approach, and the cost approach
* For the cost approach
, look at the number of slips, slip length and overall lineal feet of dock.
An alternative imputation mechanism for the owner's equivalent rent is the user cost approach
. The user cost approach
is arguably more attractive conceptually because it explicitly treats a house as an asset.
The cost approach
is a set of procedures through which a value indication is derived for the fee simple interest in a property by estimating the current cost to construct a reproduction of (or replacement for) the existing structure, including an entrepreneurial incentive, deducting depreciation from the total cost, and adding the estimated land value.