This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at out patient department and coronary care units ofArmed Forces Institute of Cardiology and National Institute of Heart Diseases, Rawalpindi from January 2018 till June 2018.
Angiographic findings was labelled if there was >50% stenosis in any coronary artery.
Various authors have suggested that TCA provides a collateral connection between the right and left coronary
arteries, and the anastomosis is known in the literature as Vi eussens ring which is formed around the pulmonary trunk.
The origin of CAFs from the left coronary
artery (LCA) was found in 18 (52.9%) cases, from the right coronary
artery (RCA) in 12 (35.3%) cases, and from both LCA and RCA in four (11.8%) cases.
In the study, researchers at the Intermountain Medical Center Heart Institute identified 1,107 symptomatic patients who presented to the healthcare system without any known coronary
artery disease and who had a PET-stress test to measure coronary
flow, conducted as part of their diagnostic evaluation.
Krause was first to describe the condition in 18656 and Biorck and Crafoord were the first to close it surgically.7 We present here first ever reported case of right coronary
artery (AV) fistula in Pakistan.
There was no other differential diagnosis on MDCT Coronary
AAOCA represents a congenital coronary
artery anomaly in which the artery originates from the contralateral aortic sinus.
SCAD diagnosis was made by coronary
angiography procedure; we only indentified type 1 by the visualization of a radiolucent intimal flap.
artery anomalies are known to be rare in the general population.
A consecutive series of 5165 patients undergoing their first coronary
angiography during the period between February 1999 and August 2006 were investigated to create our registry.
Conclusion: Ischemic heart disease was present in high frequency in patients with chronic conduction disorders and the most common artery involved was right coronary